The Congressional Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) closed on September 29, 1995. During its 23-year history, OTA provided Congressional members and committees with analyses of the scientific and technological issues that were increasingly relevant to public policy and legislative action.

OTA occupied a unique role among the Congressional information agencies. Unlike the General Accounting Office, which is primarily concerned with evaluation of ongoing programs, and the Congressional Research Service, which provides rapid information on legislative topics, OTA provided a deeper, more comprehensive, and more technical level of analysis. Through eleven Congressional sessions, OTA became a key resource for Congressional members and staff confronting technological issues in crafting public policy. Its existence brought a healthy balance to the analytical resources available to the executive and legislative branches of government.

The agency’s legacy is found in the many items of legislation it influenced and in the channels of communication its staff helped foster between legislative policymakers and members of the scientific, technical, and business communities.

The Black Vault has archived here the complete collection of reports and data issued by the OTA. Clicking on any document below will take you directly to the report, all in .pdf format. This collection holds 110,670 pages in total.

 

1984

  1. blankAcid Rain and Transported Air Pollutants: Implications for Public Policy
  2. blankAfrica Tomorrow: Issues in Technology, Agriculture, and U.S. Foreign Aid
  3. blankAirport System Development
  4. blank Annual Report to the Congress: January 1 to September 30, 1983
  5. blankArms Control in Space
  6. blank The Boston Elbow
  7. blankCivilian Space Stations and the U.S. Future in Space
  8. blankCommercial Biotechnology: An International Analysis
  9. blankComputerized Manufacturing Automation: Employment, Education, and the Workplace
  10. blank The Contact Lens Industry: Structure, Competition, and Public Policy
  11. blank Directed Energy Missile Defense in Space
  12. blank Effects of Information Technology on Financial Services Systems
  13. blankEnvironmental Protection in the Federal Coal Leasing Program
  14. blank Federal Policies and the Medical Devices Industry
  15. blankThe Hemodialysis Equipment and Disposables Industry
  16. blank Human Gene Therapy
  17. blank Impacts of Neuroscience
  18. blankIntensive Care Units (ICUs): Clinical Outcomes, Costs, and Decisionmaking
  19. blank The Market for Wheelchairs: Innovations and Federal Policy
  20. blankMedical Technology and the Costs of the Medicare Program
  21. blankNuclear Magnetic Resonance Imaging Technology: A Clinical, Industrial, and Policy Analysis
  22. blank Nuclear Power in an Age of Uncertainty
  23. blankProtecting the Nation’s Groundwater from Contamination-Vol. I
  24. blank Protecting the Nation’s Groundwater from Contamination-Vol. II
  25. blankRemote Sensing and the Private Sector: Issues for Discussion
  26. blank Review of Postal Automation Strategy: A Technical and Decision Analysis
  27. blank Technologies To Sustain Forest Resources
  28. blank Technology and the Future of the U.S. Construction Industry
  29. blank Technology, Innovation, and Regional Economic Development
  30. blankTechnology, Renewable Resources, and American Crafts
  31. blankTechnology Transfer to the Middle East
  32. blankU.S. Vulnerability to an Oil Import Curtailment
  33. blankUpdate of Federal Activities Regarding the Use of Pneumococcal Vaccine
  34. blankWetlands: Their Use and Regulation
  35. blankWood Use: U.S. Competitiveness and Technology-Vol. II

1983

  1. blankAgricultural Postharvest Technology and Marketing Economics Research
  2. blankAnnual Report to the Congress for 1982
  3. blankAn Assessment of Maritime Trade and Technology
  4. blank Assistive Devices for Severe Speech Impairments
  5. blankAutomation and the Workplace: Selected Labor, Education, and Training Issues
  6. blankCensus of State Government Initiatives for High-Technology Industrial Development
  7. blankDiagnosis Related Groups (DRGs) and the Medicare Program: Implications for Medical Technology
  8. blank The Effectiveness and Costs of Alcoholism Treatment
  9. blank Encouraging High-Technology Development
  10. blankHabitability of the Love Canal Area: An Analysis of the Technical Basis for the Decision on the Habitability of the Emergency Declaration Area
  11. blank The Impact of Randomized Clinical Trials on Health Policy and Medical Practice
  12. blank Industrial and Commercial Cogeneration
  13. blank Industrial Energy Use
  14. blankThe Information Content of Premanufacture Notices
  15. blankInternational Competitiveness in Electronics
  16. blank Plants: The Potential for Extracting Protein, Medicines, and Other Useful Chemicals
  17. blank Quality and Relevance of Research and Related Activities at the Gorges Memorial Laboratory
  18. blank The Role of Genetic Testing in the Prevention of Occupational Diseases
  19. blank The Safety, Efficacy, and Cost Effectiveness of Therapeutic Apheresis
  20. blank SALYUT: Soviet Steps Toward Permanent Human Presence in Space
  21. blank Scientific Validity of Polygraph Testing: A Research Review and Evaluation
  22. blank Sustaining Tropical Forest Resources: Reforestation of Degraded Lands
  23. blankSustaining Tropical Forest Resources: U.S. and International Institutions
  24. blankTechnologies and Management Strategies for Hazardous Waste Control
  25. blank Technology and East-West Trade: An Update
  26. blank Technology and Learning Disabilities
  27. blankU.S. Natural Gas Availability: Conventional Gas Supply Through the Year 2000
  28. blank U.S. Passenger Rail Technologies
  29. blankUNISPACE ’82: A Context for International Cooperation and Competition
  30. blank Variations in Hospital Length of Stay: Their Relationship to Health Outcomes
  31. blank Water-Related Technologies for Sustainable Agriculture in Arid/Semiarid Lands: Selected Foreign Experience
  32. blankWater-Related Technologies for Sustainable Agriculture in U.S. Arid/Semiarid Lands
  33. blank Wood Use: U.S. Competitiveness and Technology-Vol. I

1982

  1. blankThe Air Cargo System
  2. blankAir Service to Small Communities
  3. blankAirport and Air Traffic Control System
  4. blankAnnual Report to the Congress for 1981
  5. blankThe Artificial Heart: Costs, Risks, and Benefits
  6. blank An Assessment of Alternatives for a National Computerized Criminal History System
  7. blank Cardiac Radionuclide Imaging and Cost Effectiveness
  8. blankCivilian Space Policy and Applications
  9. blankEnergy Efficiency of Buildings in Cities
  10. blank Environmental Issues of Synthetic Transportation Fuels From Coal
  11. blank Exploratory Workshop on the Social Impacts of Robotics: Summary and Issues
  12. blank Financing and Program Alternatives for Advanced High-Speed Aircraft
  13. blank Four Common X-Ray Procedures: Problems and Prospects for Economic Evaluation
  14. blank Global Models, World Futures, and Public Policy: A Critique
  15. blank Impacts of Technology on U.S. Cropland and Rangeland Productivity
  16. blankImplications of Electronic Mail and Message Systems for the U.S. Postal Service
  17. blank Increased Automobile Fuel Efficiency and Synthetic Fuels: Alternatives for Reducing Oil Imports
  18. blankInformational Technology and Its Impact on American Education
  19. blankMandatory Passive Restraint Systems in Automobiles: Issues and Evidence
  20. blank Medical Technology Under Proposals To Increase Competition in Health Care
  21. blank MEDLARS and Health Information Policy
  22. blank Postmarketing Surveillance of Prescription Drugs
  23. blank Radiofrequency Use and Management: Impacts From the World Administrative Radio Conference of 1979
  24. blank Review of the FAA 1982 National Airspace System Plan
  25. blankSelected Electronic Funds Transfer Issues: Privacy, Security, and Equity
  26. blank Selected Technical and Economic Comparisons of Synfuel Options
  27. blankSelected Telecommunications Devices for Hearing-Impaired Persons
  28. blank Space Science Research in the United States
  29. blank Strategies for Medical Technology Assessment
  30. blank Synthetic Fuels for Transportation: The Future Potential of Electric and Hybrid Vehicles
  31. blank Technology and Handicapped People
  32. blankTechnology Transfer at the National Institutes of Health
  33. blank Use of Models for Water Resources Management, Planning, and Policy
  34. blank Water Availability for Synthetic Fuels: An Assessment of Current Studies
  35. blank World Population and Fertility Planning Technologies: The Next 20 Years

1981

  1. blankAllocating Costs and Benefits in Disease Prevention Programs: An Application to Cervical Cancer Screening
  2. blankAnnual Report to the Congress for 1980
  3. blank Assessing Selected Respiratory Therapy Modalities: Trends and Relative Costs in the Washington, D.C., Area
  4. blank An Assessment of Development and Production Potential of Federal Coal Leases
  5. blank Assessment of Technologies for Determining Cancer Risks From the Environment
  6. blank An Assessment of Technology for Local Development
  7. blank An Assessment of the United States Food and Agricultural Research System
  8. blankBenefit-And-Cost Analysis of Medical Interventions: The Case of Cimetidine and Peptic Ulcer Disease
  9. blank Coal Exports and Port Development Computer-Based National Information Systems: Technology and Public Policy Issues
  10. blank Cost Benefit/Cost Effectiveness of Medical Technologies: A Case Study of Orthopedic Joint Implants
  11. blank Cost Effectiveness of Automated Multichannel Chemistry Analyzers
  12. blank The Cost Effectiveness of Bone Marrow Transplant Therapy and Its Policy Implications
  13. blank Cost Effectiveness of Influenza Vaccination
  14. blankThe Cost Effectiveness of Upper Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
  15. blankThe Costs and Effectiveness of Neonatal Intensive Care
  16. blank The Costs and Effectiveness of Nurse Practitioners
  17. blankElective Hysterectomy: Costs, Risks, and Benefits
  18. blank The Feasibility of Economic Evaluation of Diagnostic Procedures: The Case of CT Scanning
  19. blank Formal Analysis, Policy Formulation, and End-Stage Renal Disease
  20. blankImpacts of Applied Genetics: Micro-Organisms, Plants, and Animals
  21. blank MX Missile Basing
  22. blank Nonnuclear Industrial Hazardous Waste: Classifying for Hazard Management
  23. blank Nuclear Powerplant Standardization: Light Water Reactors
  24. blankPatent-Term Extension and the Pharmaceutical Industry
  25. blank Patterns and Trends in Federal Coal Lease Ownership, 1950-80
  26. blankPeriodontal Disease: Assessing the Effectiveness and Costs of the Keyes Technique
  27. blank Policy Implications of the Computed Tomography (CT) Scanner: An Update
  28. blank Screening for Colon Cancer: A Technology Assessment
  29. blankSolar Power Satellites
  30. blank Surgery for Breast Cancer
  31. blank Technology and Oceanography: An Assessment of Federal Technologies for Oceanographic Research and Monitoring
  32. blankTechnology and Soviet Energy Availability
  33. blank U.S. Industrial Competitiveness: A Comparison of Steel, Electronics, and Automobiles

1980

  1. blankAdvanced High-Speed Aircraft
  2. blankAlternative Energy Futures: Part I-The Future of Liquefied Natural Gas Imports
  3. blankAnnual Report to the Congress for 1979
  4. blankAn Assessment of Oil Shale Technologies
  5. blankAssessment of Oil Shale Technologies-Vol. II: A History and Analysis of the Federal Prototype Oil Shale Leasing Program
  6. blank Compensation for Vaccine-Related Injuries
  7. blankConservation and Solar Energy Programs of the Department of Energy: A Critique
  8. blankCriteria for Evaluating the Implementation Plan Required By the Earthquake Hazards Reduction Act of 1977
  9. blankThe Efficacy and Cost Effectiveness of Psychotherapy
  10. blank Energy From Biological Processes
  11. blankEnergy from Biological Processes: Volume II-Technical and Environmental Analyses
  12. blank Forecasts of Physician Supply and Requirements Impact of Advanced Group Rapid Transit Technology
  13. blankThe Implications of Cost-Effectiveness Analysis of Medical Technology
  14. blank The Implications of Cost-Effectiveness Analysis of Medical Technology: Methodological Issues and Literature Review
  15. blankIssues and Options in Flood Hazards Management
  16. blankThe Management of Health Care Technology in Ten Countries
  17. blankOcean Margin Drilling
  18. blank Proceedings of the OTA Seminar on the Discrete Address Beacon System (DABS)
  19. blank Recent Developments in Ocean Thermal Energy
  20. blank Taggants in Explosives
  21. blank Technology and Steel Industry Competitiveness
  22. blank U.S. Disaster Assistance to Developing Countries: Lessons Applicable to U.S. Domestic Disaster Programs
  23. blank World Petroleum Availability 1980-2000

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