The Congressional Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) closed on September 29, 1995. During its 23-year history, OTA provided Congressional members and committees with analyses of the scientific and technological issues that were increasingly relevant to public policy and legislative action.

OTA occupied a unique role among the Congressional information agencies. Unlike the General Accounting Office, which is primarily concerned with evaluation of ongoing programs, and the Congressional Research Service, which provides rapid information on legislative topics, OTA provided a deeper, more comprehensive, and more technical level of analysis. Through eleven Congressional sessions, OTA became a key resource for Congressional members and staff confronting technological issues in crafting public policy. Its existence brought a healthy balance to the analytical resources available to the executive and legislative branches of government.

The agency’s legacy is found in the many items of legislation it influenced and in the channels of communication its staff helped foster between legislative policymakers and members of the scientific, technical, and business communities.

The Black Vault has archived here the complete collection of reports and data issued by the OTA. Clicking on any document below will take you directly to the report, all in .pdf format. This collection holds 110,670 pages in total.



  1. blankAdolescent Health Insurance Status: Analyses of Trends in Coverage and Preliminary Estimates of the Effects of an Employer Mandate and Medicaid Expansion on the Uninsured
  2. blank Advanced Vehicle/Highway Systems and Urban Traffic Problems
  3. blankAssessing Contractor Use in Superfund
  4. blankBig Dumb Boosters: A Low-Cost Space Transportation Option?
  5. blank Biological Effects of Power Frequency Electric and Magnetic Fields
  6. blank Catching Our Breath: Next Steps for Reducing Urban Ozone
  7. blank Coming Clean: Superfund Problems Can Be Solved
  8. blankCompetition in Coastal Seas: An Evaluation of Foreign Maritime Activities in the 200-Mile EEZ
  9. blank The Containment of Underground Nuclear Explosions
  10. blank Copyright and Home Copying: Technology Challenges the Law
  11. blankCosts and Effectiveness of Cholesterol Screening in the Elderly
  12. blankDefining “Rural” Areas: Impact on Health Care Policy and Research
  13. blank Electric Power Wheeling and Dealing: Technological Considerations for Increasing Competition
  14. blank Enhancing the Quality of U.S. Grain for International Trade
  15. blankFacing America’s Trash: What Next for Municipal Solid Waste?
  16. blank Federal Scientific and Technical Information in an Electronic Age: Opportunities and Challenges
  17. blank Grain Quality in International Trade: A Comparison of Major U.S. Competitors
  18. blank High-Performance Computing and Networking for Science 8918.PDF
  19. blank Higher Education for Science and Engineering
  20. blank Holding the Edge: Maintaining the Defense Technology Base
  21. blankLinking for Learning: A New Course for Education
  22. blankNew Developments in Biotechnology: Patenting Life-Special Report
  23. blankOil Production in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge: The Technology and the Alaskan Oil Context
  24. blank Partnerships Under Pressure: Managing Commercial Low-Level Radioactive Waste
  25. blank Performance Standards for Secondary School Vocational Education
  26. blankPolar Prospects: A Minerals Treaty for Antarctica
  27. blank Round Trip to Orbit: Human Spaceflight Alternatives
  28. blank Rural Emergency Medical Services
  29. blankSafer Skies with TCAS: Traffic Alert and Collision Avoidance System-A Special Report
  30. blankStatistical Needs for a Changing U.S. Economy
  31. blankTechnologies for Reducing Dioxin in the Manufacture of Bleached Wood Pulp
  32. blank Technology Transfer to the United States: The MIT-Japan Science and Technology Program
  33. blank The Use of Preventive Services by the Elderly



  1. blankAdvanced Materials by Design
  2. blank AIDS and Health Insurance: An OTA Survey
  3. blankAre We Cleaning Up? 10 Superfund Case Studies
  4. blankArtificial Insemination: Practice in the United States: Summary of a 1987 Survey
  5. blank Biology, Medicine, and the Bill of Rights
  6. blankBook Preservation Technologies
  7. blank Commercializing High-Temperature Superconductivity
  8. blankCopper: Technology and Competitiveness
  9. blank Criminal Justice, New Technologies, and the Constitution
  10. blank The Defense Technology Base: Introduction and Overview
  11. blank Educating Scientists and Engineers: Grade School to Grad School
  12. blank Electronic Delivery of Public Assistance Benefits: Technology Options and Policy Issues
  13. blank Elementary and Secondary Education for Science and Engineering
  14. blank Enhancing Agriculture in Africa: A Role for U.S. Development Assistance
  15. blankAn Evaluation of Options for Managing Greater-Than-Class-C Low-Level Radioactive Waste
  16. blank Gearing Up for Safety: Motor Carrier Safety in a Competitive Environment
  17. blank Grassroots Development: The African Development Foundation
  18. blankHealthy Children: Investing in the Future
  19. blankHow Effective Is AIDS Education?
  20. blank The Impact of AIDS on the Kaiser Permanente Medical Care Program (Northern California Region)
  21. blank Infertility: Medical and Social Choices
  22. blank Informing the Nation: Federal Information Dissemination in an Electronic Age
  23. blank Institutional Protocols for Decisions About Life-Sustaining Treatments
  24. blank Issues in Medical Waste Management
  25. blank Launch Options for the Future: A Buyer’s Guide
  26. blankMapping Our Genes-Genome Projects: How Big? How Fast?
  27. blankMedical Testing and Health Insurance
  28. blank New Developments in Biotechnology: Field-Testing Engineered Organisms: Genetic and Ecological Issues
  29. blank New Developments in Biotechnology: U.S. Investment in Biotechnology
  30. blank Paying the Bill: Manufacturing and America’s Trade Deficit
  31. blankPesticide Residues in Food: Technologies for Detection
  32. blankPower On! New Tools for Teaching and Learning
  33. blankThe Quality of Medical Care: Information for Consumers
  34. blankReducing Launch Operation Costs: New Technologies and Practices
  35. blank Safe Skies for Tomorrow: Aviation Safety in a Competitive Environment
  36. blank Science, Technology, and the First Amendment
  37. blankScreening for Open-Angle Glaucoma in the Elderly
  38. blank SDI: Technology, Survivability, and Software
  39. blank Seismic Verification of Nuclear Testing Treaties
  40. blankTechnology and the American Economic Transition: Choices for the Future
  41. blank Urban Ozone and the Clean Air Act: Problems and Proposals for Change
  42. blank Using Desalination Technologies for Water Treatment



  1. blankAid to Developing Countries: The Technology/Ecology Fit
  2. blankThe Border War on Drugs
  3. blank Commercial Newsgathering From Space
  4. blank Construction and Materials Research and Development for the Nation’s Public Works
  5. blank The Costs of AIDS and Other HIV Infections: Review of the Estimates
  6. blankDefending Secrets, Sharing Data: New Locks and Keys for Electronic Information
  7. blank Do Insects Transmit AIDS?
  8. blankThe Electronic Supervisor: New Technology, New Tensions
  9. blank From Pollution to Prevention: A Progress Report on Waste Reduction
  10. blank Hospital Information Systems at the Veterans Administration
  11. blankIdentifying and Regulating Carcinogens
  12. blankIntegrated Renewable Resource Management for U.S. Insular Areas
  13. blank International Competition in Services: Banking, Building, Software, Know-How
  14. blankLife-Sustaining Technologies and the Elderly
  15. blankLosing a Million Minds: Confronting the Tragedy of Alzheimer’s Disease and Other Dementias
  16. blank Marine Minerals: Exploring Our New Ocean Frontier
  17. blank Neonatal Intensive Care for Low Birthweight Infants: Costs and Effectiveness
  18. blank New Developments in Biotechnology: Ownership of Human Tissues and Cells
  19. blank New Developments in Biotechnology: Public Perceptions of Biotechnology
  20. blank New Technology for NATO: Implementing Follow-On Forces Attack
  21. blank Preparing for Science and Engineering Careers: Field Level Profiles
  22. blankScience, Technology, and the Constitution
  23. blankStarpower: The U.S. and the International Quest for Fusion Energy
  24. blank State Educational Testing Practices
  25. blankTechnologies for the Preservation of Prehistoric and Historic Landscapes
  26. blank Technologies for Underwater Archaeology and Maritime Preservation
  27. blank Technologies To Maintain Biological Diversity
  28. blank Technology Dependent Children: Hospital Vs. Home Care
  29. blank Technology Transfer to China
  30. blank Trade Adjustment Assistance: New Ideas for an Old Program
  31. blankTrends and Status of Computers in Schools: Use in Chapter 1 Programs and Use With Limited English Proficient Students
  32. blank U.S. Oil Production: The Effect of Low Oil Prices
  33. blankThe U.S. Textile and Apparel Industry: A Revolution in Progress
  34. blank Wastes in Marine Environments



  1. blankAlternatives to Animal Use in Research, Testing, and Education
  2. blank Annual Report to the Congress: Fiscal Year 1985
  3. blankAssessing Biological Diversity in the United States: Data Considerations
  4. blankChildren’s Mental Health: Problems and Services
  5. blank Continuing the Commitment: Agricultural Development in the Sahel
  6. blank Effects of Federal Policies on Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy
  7. blank Electronic Record Systems and Individual Privacy
  8. blankFederal Government Information Technology: Management, Security, and Congressional Oversight
  9. blank Grassroots Conservation of Biological Diversity in the United States
  10. blank Hearing Impairment and Elderly People
  11. blankIndian Health Care
  12. blankIntellectual Property Rights in an Age of Electronics and Information
  13. blank Marine Applications for Fuel Cell Technology
  14. blank Microelectronics Research and Development
  15. blank New Structural Materials Technologies: Opportunities for the Use of Advanced Ceramics and Composites
  16. blank Nurse Practitioners, Physician Assistants, and Certified Nurse-Midwives: A Policy Analysis
  17. blank Ocean Incineration: Its Role in Managing Hazardous Waste
  18. blankPassive Smoking in the Workplace: Selected Issues
  19. blank Payment for Physician Services: Strategies for Medicare
  20. blankPlant Closing: Advance Notice and Rapid Response
  21. blankPotential Effects of Section 3 of the Federal Coal Leasing Amendments Act of 1976
  22. blank The Regulatory Environment for Science
  23. blankResearch Funding as an Investment: Can We Measure the Returns?
  24. blankA Review of U.S. Competitiveness in Agricultural Trade
  25. blankScientific Equipment for Undergraduates: Is It Adequate?
  26. blank Serious Reduction of Hazardous Waste: for Pollution Prevention and Industrial Efficiency
  27. blank The Social Security Administration and Information Technology
  28. blankSpace Stations and the Law: Selected Legal Issues
  29. blankSupercomputers: Government Plans and Policies
  30. blankTechnologies for Detecting Heritable Mutations in Human Beings
  31. blankTechnologies for NATO’s Follow-On Forces Attack Concept
  32. blankTechnologies for Prehistoric and Historic Preservation
  33. blankTechnology and Structural Unemployment: Reemploying Displaced Adults
  34. blank Technology, Public Policy, and the Changing Structure of American Agriculture
  35. blank Technology, Trade, and the U.S. Residential Construction Industry
  36. blankTrade in Services: Exports and Foreign Revenues
  37. blankTransportation of Hazardous Materials
  38. blankTransportation of Hazardous Materials: State and Local Activities
  39. blank Western Surface Mine Permitting and Reclamation



  1. blankAlternative Approaches to Cargo Policy: A Supplement to an Assessment of Maritime Trade and Technology
  2. blank Annual Report to the Congress: Fiscal Year 1984
  3. blank Anti-Satellite Weapons, Countermeasures, and Arms Control
  4. blankAutomation of America’s Offices, 1985-2000
  5. blankBallistic Missile Defense Technologies
  6. blankBlood Policy and Technology
  7. blankThe Cost Effectiveness of Digital Subtraction Angiography in the Diagnosis of Cerebrovascular Disease
  8. blankDemographic Trends and the Scientific and Engineering Workforce
  9. blankDisplaced Homemakers: Programs and Policy
  10. blankThe Effectiveness and Costs of Continuous Ambulatory Peritoneal Dialysis (CAPD)
  11. blankElectronic Surveillance and Civil Liberties
  12. blank Energy Technology Transfer to China
  13. blankInformation Technology R&D: Critical Trends and Issues
  14. blank Innovative Biological Technologies for Lesser Developed Countries
  15. blankInternational Cooperation and Competition in Civilian Space Activities
  16. blank Managing the Nation’s Commercial High-Level Radioactive Waste
  17. blankMedical Devices and the Veterans Administration
  18. blankMedicare’s Prospective Payment System: Strategies for Evaluating Cost, Quality, and Medical Technology
  19. blankNew Electric Power Technologies: Problems and Prospects for the 1990s
  20. blank Oil and Gas Technologies for the Arctic and Deepwater
  21. blank Preventing Illness and Injury in the Workplace
  22. blankR&D in the Maritime Industry: A Supplement to an Assessment of Maritime Trade and Technology
  23. blank Reproductive Health Hazards in the Workplace
  24. blankReproductive Health Hazards in the Workplace: Selected Aspects of Reproductive Health Hazards Regulations
  25. blankReview of the Public Health Service’s Response to AIDS
  26. blankStatus of Biomedical Research and Related Technology for Tropical Diseases
  27. blank Strategic Materials: Technologies To Reduce U.S. Import Vulnerability
  28. blank Superfund Strategy
  29. blankTechnologies for Managing Urinary Incontinence
  30. blank Technologies To Benefit Agriculture and Wildlife
  31. blank Technology and Aging in America
  32. blank Technology, Public Policy, and the Changing Structure of American Agriculture: A Special Report for the 1985 Farm Bill
  33. blankU.S. Natural Gas Availability: Gas Supply Through the Year 2000
  34. blank U.S.-Soviet Cooperation in Space

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