The Congressional Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) closed on September 29, 1995. During its 23-year history, OTA provided Congressional members and committees with analyses of the scientific and technological issues that were increasingly relevant to public policy and legislative action.

OTA occupied a unique role among the Congressional information agencies. Unlike the General Accounting Office, which is primarily concerned with evaluation of ongoing programs, and the Congressional Research Service, which provides rapid information on legislative topics, OTA provided a deeper, more comprehensive, and more technical level of analysis. Through eleven Congressional sessions, OTA became a key resource for Congressional members and staff confronting technological issues in crafting public policy. Its existence brought a healthy balance to the analytical resources available to the executive and legislative branches of government.

The agency’s legacy is found in the many items of legislation it influenced and in the channels of communication its staff helped foster between legislative policymakers and members of the scientific, technical, and business communities.

The Black Vault has archived here the complete collection of reports and data issued by the OTA. Clicking on any document below will take you directly to the report, all in .pdf format. This collection holds 110,670 pages in total.



  1. blankAfter the Cold War: Living With Lower Defense Spending
  2. blankAlaskan Water for California?: The Subsea Pipeline Option
  3. blankAnnual Report to the Congress: Fiscal Year 1991
  4. blankThe Biology of Mental Disorders
  5. blankBuilding Energy Efficiency
  6. blankBuilding Future Security: Strategies for Restructuring the Defense Technology and Industrial Base
  7. blankThe CDC’s Case Definition of AIDS: Implications of Proposed Revisions
  8. blankCombined Summaries: Technologies To Sustain Tropical Forest Resources and Biological Diversity
  9. blankCystic Fibrosis and DNA Tests: Implications of Carrier Screening
  10. blankDifficult-To-Reuse Needles for the Prevention of HIV Infection Among Injecting Drug Abusers
  11. blankDisposal of Chemical Weapons: Alternative Technologies
  12. blankDo Medicaid and Medicare Patients Sue More Often Than Other Patients?
  13. blankDoes Health Insurance Make a Difference?
  14. blankEvaluation of the Oregon Medicaid Proposal
  15. blankFederal and Private Roles in the Development and Provision of Alglucerase Therapy for Gaucher Disease
  16. blankFinding a Balance: Computer Software, Intellectual Property and the Challenge of Technological Change
  17. blankForest Service Planning: Accommodating Uses, Producing Outputs, and Sustaining Ecosystems
  18. blankFueling Development: Energy Technologies for Developing Countries
  19. blankGenetic Counseling and Cystic Fibrosis Carrier Screening: Results of a Survey
  20. blankGenetic Tests and Health Insurance: Results of a Survey
  21. blankGlobal Standards: Building Blocks for the Future
  22. blankGreen Products by Design: Choices for a Cleaner Environment
  23. blankHome Drug Infusion Therapy Under Medicare
  24. blankIdentifying and Controlling Pulmonary Toxicants
  25. blankLessons in Restructuring Defense Industry: The French Experience
  26. blankManaging Industrial Solid Wastes From Manufacturing, Mining, Oil and Gas Production, and Utility Coal Combustion
  27. blankThe Menopause, Hormone Therapy, and Women’s Health
  28. blankMonitoring Limits on Sea-Launched Cruise Missiles
  29. blankNASA’s Office of Space Science and Applications: Process, Priorities and Goals
  30. blankA New Technological Era for American Agriculture
  31. blankPerformance Standards for the Food Stamp Employment and Training Program
  32. blankPolice Body Armor Standards and Testing, Vol. I
  33. blankPolice Body Armor Standards and Testing, Vol. II-Appendixes
  34. blankRemotely Sensed Data From Space: Distribution, Pricing, and Applications
  35. blankRetiring Old Cars: Programs To Save Gasoline and Reduce Emissions
  36. blankScience and Technology Issues in Coastal Ecotourism
  37. blankSpecial Care Units for People With Alzheimer’s and Other Dementias: Consumer Education, Research, Regulatory, and Reimbursement Issues
  38. blankTechnology Against Terrorism: Structuring Security
  39. blankTesting in American Schools: Asking the Right Questions
  40. blankTrade and Environment: Conflicts and Opportunities
  41. blankU.S. Banks and International Telecommunications
  42. blankU.S.-Mexico Trade: Pulling Together or Pulling Apart?



  1. blankThe 1992 World Administrative Radio Conference: Issues for U.S. International Spectrum Policy
  2. blankAdjusting to a New Security Environment: The Defense Technology and Industrial Base Challenge
  3. blankAdolescent Health, Vol. I: Summary and Policy Options
  4. blankAdolescent Health, Vol. II: Background and the Effectiveness of Selected Prevention and Treatment Services
  5. blankAdolescent Health, Vol. III: Crosscutting Issues in the Delivery of Health and Related Services
  6. blankAgricultural Commodities as Industrial Raw Materials
  7. blankAmerican Military Power: Future Needs, Future Choices
  8. blankAutomated Record Checks for Firearm Purchasers: Issues and Options
  9. blankBiological Rhythms: Implications for the Worker
  10. blankBioremediation for Marine Oil Spills
  11. blankBiotechnology in a Global Economy
  12. blankChanging by Degrees: Steps To Reduce Greenhouse Gases
  13. blankCompeting Economies: America, Europe, and the Pacific Rim
  14. blankComplex Cleanup: The Environmental Legacy of Nuclear Weapons Production
  15. blankDelivering the Goods: Public Works Technologies, Management, and Financing
  16. blankDioxin Treatment Technologies
  17. blankEnergy Efficiency in the Federal Government: Government by Good Example?
  18. blankEnergy in Developing Countries
  19. blankEnergy Technology Choices: Shaping Our Future
  20. blankExploring the Moon and Mars: Choices for the Nation
  21. blankThe FBI Fingerprint Identification Automation Program: Issues and Options
  22. blankFederally Funded Research: Decisions for a Decade
  23. blankGlobal Arms Trade: Commerce in Advanced Military Technology and Weapons
  24. blankHIV in the Health Care Workplace
  25. blankIdentifying and Controlling Immunotoxic Substances
  26. blankImproving Automobile Fuel Economy: New Standards, New Approaches
  27. blankLong-Lived Legacy: Managing High-Level and Transuranic Waste at the DOE Nuclear Weapons Complex
  28. blankMedical Monitoring and Screening in the Workplace: Results of a Survey
  29. blankMiniaturization Technologies
  30. blankMoving Ahead: 1991 Surface Transportation Legislation
  31. blankNew Opportunities for U.S. Universities in Development Assistance: Agriculture, Natural Resources, and Environment
  32. blankNew Ways: Tiltrotor Aircraft and Magnetically Levitated Vehicles 9132.PDF
  33. blankOutpatient Immunosuppressive Drugs Under Medicare
  34. blankRedesigning Defense: Planning the Transition to the Future U.S. Defense Industrial Base
  35. blankReview of a Protocol for a Study of Reproductive Health Outcomes Among Women Vietnam Veterans
  36. blankRural America at the Crossroads: Networking for the Future
  37. blankScreening Mammography in Primary Care Settings: Implications for Cost Access and Quality
  38. blankSeeking Solutions: High Performance Computing for Science
  39. blankTechnology Against Terrorism: The Federal Effort
  40. blankU.S. Dairy Industry at a Crossroad: Biotechnology and Policy Choices
  41. blankU.S. Oil Import Vulnerability: The Technical Replacement Capability
  42. blankVerification Technologies: Cooperative Aerial Surveillance in International Agreements
  43. blankVerification Technologies: Managing Research and Development for Cooperative Arms Control Monitoring Measures


  1. blankAccess to Space: The Future of U.S. Space Transportation Systems
  2. blankAffordable Spacecraft: Design and Launch Alternatives
  3. blankAgricultural Research and Technology Transfer Policies for the 1990s
  4. blankArming Our Allies: Cooperation and Competition in Defense Technology
  5. blankBeneath the Bottom Line: Agricultural Approaches To Reduce Agrichemical Contamination of Groundwater
  6. blankThe Big Picture: HDTV and High-Resolution Systems
  7. blankChildren’s Dental Services Under the Medicaid Program
  8. blankComputer Software and Intellectual Property
  9. blankConfused Minds, Burdened Families: Finding Help for People With Alzheimer’s and Other Dementias
  10. blankCoping With an Oiled Sea
  11. blankThe Costs and Effectiveness of Cervical Cancer Screening in Elderly Women
  12. blankCosts and Effectiveness of Colorectal Cancer Screening in the Elderly
  13. blankCritical Connections: Communication for the Future
  14. blankThe Effectiveness of Drug Abuse Treatment: Implications for Controlling AIDS/HIV Infection
  15. blankElectronic Bulls and Bears: U.S. Securities Markets and Information Technology
  16. blankEnergy Use and the U.S. Economy
  17. blankEvaluating Defense Department Research
  18. blankFinding the Rx for Managing Medical Wastes
  19. blankForest Service Planning: Setting Strategic Direction Under RPA
  20. blankGenetic Monitoring and Screening in the Workplace
  21. blankGenetic Witness: Forensic Uses of DNA Tests
  22. blankHealth Care in Rural America
  23. blankHelping America Compete: The Role of Federal Scientific and Technical Information
  24. blankHigh-Temperature Superconductivity in Perspective
  25. blankHolding the Edge: Maintaining the Defense Technology Base-Vol. II, Appendices
  26. blankHow Has Federal Research on AIDS/HIV Disease Contributed to Other Fields?
  27. blankIndian Adolescent Mental Health
  28. blankMaking Things Better: Competing in Manufacturing
  29. blankNeural Grafting: Repairing the Brain and Spinal Cord
  30. blankNeurotoxicity: Identifying and Controlling Poisons of the Nervous System
  31. blankNonferrous Metals: Industry Structure
  32. blankOrbiting Debris: A Space Environmental Problem
  33. blankPhysical Vulnerability of Electric Systems to Natural Disasters and Sabotage
  34. blankPlague of Locusts-Special Report
  35. blankPreventive Health Services for Medicare Beneficiaries: Policy and Research Issues
  36. blankProposal Pressure in the 1980s: An Indicator of Stress on the Federal Research System
  37. blankRebuilding the Foundations: A Special Report on State and Local Public Works Financing and Management
  38. blankRecombinant Erythropoietin: Payment Options for Medicare
  39. blankReplacing Gasoline: Alternative Fuels for Light-Duty Vehicles
  40. blankRoyalty Management Program’s Auditing and Financial System: Technical Issues
  41. blankTrading Around the Clock: Global Securities Markets and Information Technology
  42. blankUnconventional Cancer Treatments
  43. blankThe Use of Integrity Tests for Pre-Employment Screening
  44. blankVerification Technologies: Measures for Monitoring Compliance with the START Treaty
  45. blankWorker Training: Competing in the New International Economy

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