OTA Reports, 1993 – 1995

OTA Reports, 1993 – 1995

The Congressional Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) closed on September 29, 1995. During its 23-year history, OTA provided Congressional members and committees with analyses of the scientific and technological issues that were increasingly relevant to public policy and legislative action.

OTA occupied a unique role among the Congressional information agencies. Unlike the General Accounting Office, which is primarily concerned with evaluation of ongoing programs, and the Congressional Research Service, which provides rapid information on legislative topics, OTA provided a deeper, more comprehensive, and more technical level of analysis. Through eleven Congressional sessions, OTA became a key resource for Congressional members and staff confronting technological issues in crafting public policy. Its existence brought a healthy balance to the analytical resources available to the executive and legislative branches of government.

The agency’s legacy is found in the many items of legislation it influenced and in the channels of communication its staff helped foster between legislative policymakers and members of the scientific, technical, and business communities.

The Black Vault has archived here the complete collection of reports and data issued by the OTA. Clicking on any document below will take you directly to the report, all in .pdf format. This collection holds 110,670 pages in total.



  1. Advanced Automotive Technology: Visions of a Super-Efficient Family Car
  2. Adverse Reactions to HIV Vaccines: Medical, Ethical, and Legal Issues
  3. Agriculture, Trade, and Environment: Achieving Complementary Policies
  4. Annual Report to the Congress: Fiscal Year 1994
  5. Assessing the Potential for Civil-Military Integration: Selected Case Studies
  6. Biologically Based Technologies for Pest Control
  7. Bringing Health Care Online: The Role of Information Technologies
  8. Challenges for U.S. Agricultural Research Policy
  9. Cleaning Up Contaminated Wood-Treating Sites
  10. The Cost-Effectiveness of Colorectal Cancer Screening in Average-Risk Adults
  11. Costs and Effectiveness of Prostate Cancer Screening in Elderly Men
  12. Coverage of Laser Technology by Health Insurers
  13. Current Status of Federal Involvement in U.S. Aquaculture
  14. Distributed Interactive Simulation of Combat
  15. Does Vocational Education Help the “Forgotten Half”?: Short-term Economic Consequences of High School Vocational Education for Non-College Students
  16. Education and Technology: Future Visions
  17. Effectiveness and Costs of Osteoporosis Screening and Hormone Replacement Therapy, Vol. I: Cost-Effectiveness Analysis
  18. Effectiveness and Costs of Osteoporosis Screening and Hormone Replacement Therapy, Vol. II: Evidence on Benefits, Risks, and Costs
  19. The Effectiveness of AIDS Prevention Efforts
  20. The Effectiveness of Research and Experimentation Tax Credits
  21. Electronic Surveillance in a Digital Age
  22. Environmental Monitoring for Nuclear Safeguards
  23. Environmental Policy Tools: A User’s Guide
  24. Environmental Technology: Analysis of Selected Federal R&D Programs
  25. EPA Superfund Actions and ATSDR Public Health Data
  26. Federal Technology Transfer and the Human Genome Project
  27. Fish Passage Technologies: Protection at Hydropower Facilities
  28. Flat Panel Displays in Perspective
  29. Foreign Eligibility for U.S. Technology Funding
  30. The Fusion Energy Program: The Role of TPX and Alternate Concepts
  31. Gauging Control Technology and Regulatory Impacts in Occupational Safety and Health: An Appraisal of OSHA’s Analytic Approach
  32. Global Communications: Opportunities for Trade and Aid
  33. Health Care Technology and Its Assessment in Eight Countries
  34. A History of the Department of Defense Federally Funded Research and Development Centers
  35. Hospital Financing in Seven Countries
  36. Impact of Health Reform on Rural Areas: Lessons From the States
  37. Impacts of Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria
  38. Improving the Prospects for Future International Peace Operations: Workshop Proceedings
  39. Information Technologies for the Control of Money Laundering
  40. Innovation and Commercialization of Emerging Technologies
  41. International Partnerships in Large Science Projects
  42. Issue Update on Information Security and Privacy in Network Environments
  43. Learning To Work: Making the Transition From School to Work
  44. The Lower Tiers of the Space Transportation Industrial Base
  45. The National Space Transportation Policy: Issues for Congress
  46. Nuclear Safeguards and the International Atomic Energy Agency
  47. Nuclear Wastes in the Arctic: An Analysis of Arctic and Other Regional Impacts From Soviet Nuclear Contamination
  48. Occupational Training for Young People in the United Kingdom
  49. Other Approaches to Civil-Military Integration: The Chinese and Japanese Arms Industries
  50. Reducing Earthquake Losses
  51. Reducing the Costs of Collecting Meteorological Data: A Workshop Summary
  52. Renewing Our Energy Future
  53. Risks to Students in School
  54. Screening and Testing Chemicals in Commerce
  55. Selected Technology Issues in U.S. Aquaculture
  56. State of the States on Brownfields: Programs for Cleanup and Reuse of Contaminated Sites
  57. Targeting Environmental Priorities in Agriculture: Reforming Program Strategies
  58. Teachers and Technology: Making the Connection
  59. The Technological Reshaping of Metropolitan America
  60. Technology and Policy for Suppressing Grain Dust Explosions in Storage Facilities
  61. Telecommunications Technology and Native Americans: Opportunities and Challenges
  62. U.S.-Russian Cooperation in Space
  63. Wireless Technologies and the National Information Infrastructure



  1. An Alaskan Challenge: Native Village Sanitation
  2. Annual Report to the Congress: Fiscal Year 1993
  3. Assessing the Potential for Civil-Military Integration: Technologies, Processes, and Practices
  4. Civilian Satellite Remote Sensing: A Strategic Approach
  5. Climate Treaties and Models: Issues in the International Management of Climate Change
  6. Defensive Medicine and Medical Malpractice
  7. The Department of Defense Kuwait Oil Health Fire Risk Assessment (The “Persian Gulf Veterans’ Registry”)
  8. Electronic Enterprises: Looking to the Future
  9. Energy Efficiency in Federal Facilities: Update on Funding and Potential Savings
  10. Export Controls and Nonproliferation Policy
  11. External Review of the Federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s HIV Prevention Program: Summary and Overview
  12. Federal Research and Technology for Aviation
  13. Fueling Reform: Energy Technologies for the Former East Bloc
  14. Hip Fracture Outcomes in People Age 50 and Over
  15. Identifying Health Technologies That Work: Searching for Evidence
  16. Industry, Technology, and the Environment: Competitive Challenges and Business Opportunities
  17. Information Security and Privacy in Network Environments
  18. International Comparisons of Administrative Costs in Health Care
  19. International Health Statistics: What the Numbers Mean for the United States
  20. Managed Care and Competitive Health Care Markets: The Twin Cities Experience
  21. Mental Disorders and Genetics: Bridging the Gap Between Research and Society
  22. Multinationals and the U.S. Technology Base
  23. Perspectives on the Role of Science and Technology in Sustainable Development
  24. Power Sources for Remote Arctic Applications
  25. Proliferation and the Former Soviet Union
  26. Psychiatric Disabilities, Employment and the Americans With Disabilities Act
  27. Public Information About Osteoporosis: What’s Available, What’s Needed?
  28. Remotely Sensed Data: Technology, Management and Markets
  29. Review of the Medical Follow-Up Agency
  30. Saving Energy in U.S. Transportation
  31. The Social Security Administration’s Decentralized Computer Strategy: Issues and Options
  32. Studies of the Environmental Costs of Electricity
  33. Technical Options for the Advanced Liquid Metal Reactor
  34. Technologies for Understanding and Preventing Substance Abuse and Addiction
  35. Testing and Assessment in Vocational Education
  36. Tools for Evaluating Health Technologies: Five Background Papers
  37. Understanding Estimates of National Health Expenditures Under Health Reform
  38. Understanding Estimates of the Impact of Health Reform on the Federal Budget
  39. Universal Health Insurance and Uninsured People: Effects on Use and Cost
  40. Virtual Reality and Technologies for Combat Simulation
  41. Wage Record Information Systems



  1. The 1992 World Administrative Radio Conference: Technology and Policy Implications
  2. Access to Over-the-Road Buses for Persons With Disabilities
  3. Accessibility and Integrity of Networked Information Collections
  4. Adult Literacy and New Technologies: Tools for a Lifetime
  5. Advanced Network Technology
  6. Aging Nuclear Power Plants: Managing Plant Life and Decommissioning
  7. Aircraft Evacuation Testing: Research and Technology Issues
  8. Alternative Coca Reduction Strategies in the Andean Region
  9. Benefit Design in Health Care Reform: Clinical Preventive Services
  10. Benefit Design in Health Care Reform: Patient Cost-Sharing
  11. Biological Components of Substance Abuse and Addiction
  12. Biopolymers: Making Materials Nature’s Way
  13. The Chemical Weapons Convention: Effects on the U.S. Chemical Industry
  14. Compilation of Abbreviations and Terms
  15. The Continuing Challenge of Tuberculosis
  16. Contributions of DOE Weapons Labs and NIST to Semiconductor Technology
  17. Coverage of Preventive Services: Provisions of Selected Current Health Care Reform Proposals
  18. Data Format Standards for Civilian Remote Sensing Satellites
  19. Defense Conversion: Redirecting R&D
  20. The Department of Veterans Affairs Persian Gulf Veterans’ Health Registry
  21. Development Assistance, Export Promotion, and Environmental Technology
  22. Dismantling the Bomb and Managing the Nuclear Materials
  23. Drug Labeling in Developing Countries
  24. Energy Efficiency: Challenges and Opportunities for Electric Utilities
  25. Energy Efficiency Technologies for Central and Eastern Europe
  26. The Future of Remote Sensing From Space: Civilian Satellite Systems and Applications
  27. Global Change Research and NASA’s Earth Observing System
  28. Harmful Non-Indigenous Species in the United States
  29. Hazards Ahead: Managing Cleanup Worker Health and Safety at the Nuclear Weapons Complex
  30. Health Insurance: The Hawaii Experience
  31. Impact of Legal Reforms on Medical Malpractice Costs
  32. An Inconsistent Picture: A Compilation of Analyses of Economic Impacts of Competing Approaches to Health
  33. Care Reform by Experts and Stakeholders
  34. Industrial Energy Efficiency
  35. Information Systems Related to Technology Transfer: A Report on Federal Technology Transfer in the United States
  36. Making Government Work: Electronic Delivery of Federal Services
  37. Multinationals and the National Interest: Playing by Different Rules
  38. Pharmaceutical R&D: Costs, Risks, and Rewards
  39. Potential Environmental Impacts of Bioenergy Crop Production
  40. Preparing for an Uncertain Climate-Vol. I
  41. Preparing for an Uncertain Climate-Vol. II
  42. Proceedings: Technology and Governance in the 1990s. Papers Presented at the OTA 20th Anniversary Forum on Technology and Governance in the 1990s
  43. Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction: Assessing the Risks
  44. Protecting Privacy in Computerized Medical Information
  45. Pulling Together for Productivity: A Union-Management Initiative at US West, Inc.
  46. Researching Health Risks
  47. Technologies Underlying Weapons of Mass Destruction
  48. U.S. Telecommunications Services in European Markets
  49. Water for Walker Lake
  50. Who Goes There: Friend or Foe?



, , , ,