The Congressional Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) closed on September 29, 1995. During its 23-year history, OTA provided Congressional members and committees with analyses of the scientific and technological issues that were increasingly relevant to public policy and legislative action.

OTA occupied a unique role among the Congressional information agencies. Unlike the General Accounting Office, which is primarily concerned with evaluation of ongoing programs, and the Congressional Research Service, which provides rapid information on legislative topics, OTA provided a deeper, more comprehensive, and more technical level of analysis. Through eleven Congressional sessions, OTA became a key resource for Congressional members and staff confronting technological issues in crafting public policy. Its existence brought a healthy balance to the analytical resources available to the executive and legislative branches of government.

The agency’s legacy is found in the many items of legislation it influenced and in the channels of communication its staff helped foster between legislative policymakers and members of the scientific, technical, and business communities.

The Black Vault has archived here the complete collection of reports and data issued by the OTA. Clicking on any document below will take you directly to the report, all in .pdf format. This collection holds 110,670 pages in total.



  1. blankAdvanced Automotive Technology: Visions of a Super-Efficient Family Car
  2. blankAdverse Reactions to HIV Vaccines: Medical, Ethical, and Legal Issues
  3. blankAgriculture, Trade, and Environment: Achieving Complementary Policies
  4. blank Annual Report to the Congress: Fiscal Year 1994
  5. blank Assessing the Potential for Civil-Military Integration: Selected Case Studies
  6. blank Biologically Based Technologies for Pest Control
  7. blank Bringing Health Care Online: The Role of Information Technologies
  8. blankChallenges for U.S. Agricultural Research Policy
  9. blankCleaning Up Contaminated Wood-Treating Sites
  10. blankThe Cost-Effectiveness of Colorectal Cancer Screening in Average-Risk Adults
  11. blank Costs and Effectiveness of Prostate Cancer Screening in Elderly Men
  12. blank Coverage of Laser Technology by Health Insurers
  13. blankCurrent Status of Federal Involvement in U.S. Aquaculture
  14. blank Distributed Interactive Simulation of Combat
  15. blankDoes Vocational Education Help the “Forgotten Half”?: Short-term Economic Consequences of High School Vocational Education for Non-College Students
  16. blank Education and Technology: Future Visions
  17. blankEffectiveness and Costs of Osteoporosis Screening and Hormone Replacement Therapy, Vol. I: Cost-Effectiveness Analysis
  18. blank Effectiveness and Costs of Osteoporosis Screening and Hormone Replacement Therapy, Vol. II: Evidence on Benefits, Risks, and Costs
  19. blankThe Effectiveness of AIDS Prevention Efforts
  20. blank The Effectiveness of Research and Experimentation Tax Credits
  21. blankElectronic Surveillance in a Digital Age
  22. blank Environmental Monitoring for Nuclear Safeguards
  23. blank Environmental Policy Tools: A User’s Guide
  24. blank Environmental Technology: Analysis of Selected Federal R&D Programs
  25. blank EPA Superfund Actions and ATSDR Public Health Data
  26. blankFederal Technology Transfer and the Human Genome Project
  27. blank Fish Passage Technologies: Protection at Hydropower Facilities
  28. blank Flat Panel Displays in Perspective
  29. blankForeign Eligibility for U.S. Technology Funding
  30. blankThe Fusion Energy Program: The Role of TPX and Alternate Concepts
  31. blank Gauging Control Technology and Regulatory Impacts in Occupational Safety and Health: An Appraisal of OSHA’s Analytic Approach
  32. blank Global Communications: Opportunities for Trade and Aid
  33. blankHealth Care Technology and Its Assessment in Eight Countries
  34. blankA History of the Department of Defense Federally Funded Research and Development Centers
  35. blank Hospital Financing in Seven Countries
  36. blankImpact of Health Reform on Rural Areas: Lessons From the States
  37. blank Impacts of Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria
  38. blank Improving the Prospects for Future International Peace Operations: Workshop Proceedings
  39. blank Information Technologies for the Control of Money Laundering
  40. blankInnovation and Commercialization of Emerging Technologies
  41. blankInternational Partnerships in Large Science Projects
  42. blank Issue Update on Information Security and Privacy in Network Environments
  43. blankLearning To Work: Making the Transition From School to Work
  44. blank The Lower Tiers of the Space Transportation Industrial Base
  45. blank The National Space Transportation Policy: Issues for Congress
  46. blankNuclear Safeguards and the International Atomic Energy Agency
  47. blank Nuclear Wastes in the Arctic: An Analysis of Arctic and Other Regional Impacts From Soviet Nuclear Contamination
  48. blankOccupational Training for Young People in the United Kingdom
  49. blank Other Approaches to Civil-Military Integration: The Chinese and Japanese Arms Industries
  50. blankReducing Earthquake Losses
  51. blank Reducing the Costs of Collecting Meteorological Data: A Workshop Summary
  52. blank Renewing Our Energy Future
  53. blankRisks to Students in School
  54. blank Screening and Testing Chemicals in Commerce
  55. blank Selected Technology Issues in U.S. Aquaculture
  56. blank State of the States on Brownfields: Programs for Cleanup and Reuse of Contaminated Sites
  57. blank Targeting Environmental Priorities in Agriculture: Reforming Program Strategies
  58. blank Teachers and Technology: Making the Connection
  59. blankThe Technological Reshaping of Metropolitan America
  60. blank Technology and Policy for Suppressing Grain Dust Explosions in Storage Facilities
  61. blank Telecommunications Technology and Native Americans: Opportunities and Challenges
  62. blank U.S.-Russian Cooperation in Space
  63. blankWireless Technologies and the National Information Infrastructure



  1. blankAn Alaskan Challenge: Native Village Sanitation
  2. blankAnnual Report to the Congress: Fiscal Year 1993
  3. blankAssessing the Potential for Civil-Military Integration: Technologies, Processes, and Practices
  4. blank Civilian Satellite Remote Sensing: A Strategic Approach
  5. blankClimate Treaties and Models: Issues in the International Management of Climate Change
  6. blank Defensive Medicine and Medical Malpractice
  7. blankThe Department of Defense Kuwait Oil Health Fire Risk Assessment (The “Persian Gulf Veterans’ Registry”)
  8. blank Electronic Enterprises: Looking to the Future
  9. blank Energy Efficiency in Federal Facilities: Update on Funding and Potential Savings
  10. blankExport Controls and Nonproliferation Policy
  11. blankExternal Review of the Federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s HIV Prevention Program: Summary and Overview
  12. blank Federal Research and Technology for Aviation
  13. blankFueling Reform: Energy Technologies for the Former East Bloc
  14. blankHip Fracture Outcomes in People Age 50 and Over
  15. blank Identifying Health Technologies That Work: Searching for Evidence
  16. blank Industry, Technology, and the Environment: Competitive Challenges and Business Opportunities
  17. blank Information Security and Privacy in Network Environments
  18. blankInternational Comparisons of Administrative Costs in Health Care
  19. blankInternational Health Statistics: What the Numbers Mean for the United States
  20. blank Managed Care and Competitive Health Care Markets: The Twin Cities Experience
  21. blank Mental Disorders and Genetics: Bridging the Gap Between Research and Society
  22. blank Multinationals and the U.S. Technology Base
  23. blankPerspectives on the Role of Science and Technology in Sustainable Development
  24. blank Power Sources for Remote Arctic Applications
  25. blankProliferation and the Former Soviet Union
  26. blankPsychiatric Disabilities, Employment and the Americans With Disabilities Act
  27. blank Public Information About Osteoporosis: What’s Available, What’s Needed?
  28. blankRemotely Sensed Data: Technology, Management and Markets
  29. blankReview of the Medical Follow-Up Agency
  30. blank Saving Energy in U.S. Transportation
  31. blankThe Social Security Administration’s Decentralized Computer Strategy: Issues and Options
  32. blankStudies of the Environmental Costs of Electricity
  33. blankTechnical Options for the Advanced Liquid Metal Reactor
  34. blank Technologies for Understanding and Preventing Substance Abuse and Addiction
  35. blank Testing and Assessment in Vocational Education
  36. blank Tools for Evaluating Health Technologies: Five Background Papers
  37. blank Understanding Estimates of National Health Expenditures Under Health Reform
  38. blank Understanding Estimates of the Impact of Health Reform on the Federal Budget
  39. blank Universal Health Insurance and Uninsured People: Effects on Use and Cost
  40. blank Virtual Reality and Technologies for Combat Simulation
  41. blankWage Record Information Systems



  1. blankThe 1992 World Administrative Radio Conference: Technology and Policy Implications
  2. blank Access to Over-the-Road Buses for Persons With Disabilities
  3. blankAccessibility and Integrity of Networked Information Collections
  4. blank Adult Literacy and New Technologies: Tools for a Lifetime
  5. blank Advanced Network Technology
  6. blank Aging Nuclear Power Plants: Managing Plant Life and Decommissioning
  7. blank Aircraft Evacuation Testing: Research and Technology Issues
  8. blankAlternative Coca Reduction Strategies in the Andean Region
  9. blankBenefit Design in Health Care Reform: Clinical Preventive Services
  10. blank Benefit Design in Health Care Reform: Patient Cost-Sharing
  11. blank Biological Components of Substance Abuse and Addiction
  12. blankBiopolymers: Making Materials Nature’s Way
  13. blank The Chemical Weapons Convention: Effects on the U.S. Chemical Industry
  14. blankCompilation of Abbreviations and Terms
  15. blankThe Continuing Challenge of Tuberculosis
  16. blankContributions of DOE Weapons Labs and NIST to Semiconductor Technology
  17. blank Coverage of Preventive Services: Provisions of Selected Current Health Care Reform Proposals
  18. blank Data Format Standards for Civilian Remote Sensing Satellites
  19. blank Defense Conversion: Redirecting R&D
  20. blankThe Department of Veterans Affairs Persian Gulf Veterans’ Health Registry
  21. blank Development Assistance, Export Promotion, and Environmental Technology
  22. blank Dismantling the Bomb and Managing the Nuclear Materials
  23. blankDrug Labeling in Developing Countries
  24. blankEnergy Efficiency: Challenges and Opportunities for Electric Utilities
  25. blank Energy Efficiency Technologies for Central and Eastern Europe
  26. blank The Future of Remote Sensing From Space: Civilian Satellite Systems and Applications
  27. blankGlobal Change Research and NASA’s Earth Observing System
  28. blank Harmful Non-Indigenous Species in the United States
  29. blank Hazards Ahead: Managing Cleanup Worker Health and Safety at the Nuclear Weapons Complex
  30. blank Health Insurance: The Hawaii Experience
  31. blank Impact of Legal Reforms on Medical Malpractice Costs
  32. blankAn Inconsistent Picture: A Compilation of Analyses of Economic Impacts of Competing Approaches to Health
  33. blank Care Reform by Experts and Stakeholders
  34. blank Industrial Energy Efficiency
  35. blankInformation Systems Related to Technology Transfer: A Report on Federal Technology Transfer in the United States
  36. blank Making Government Work: Electronic Delivery of Federal Services
  37. blank Multinationals and the National Interest: Playing by Different Rules
  38. blank Pharmaceutical R&D: Costs, Risks, and Rewards
  39. blank Potential Environmental Impacts of Bioenergy Crop Production
  40. blankPreparing for an Uncertain Climate-Vol. I
  41. blankPreparing for an Uncertain Climate-Vol. II
  42. blank Proceedings: Technology and Governance in the 1990s. Papers Presented at the OTA 20th Anniversary Forum on Technology and Governance in the 1990s
  43. blank Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction: Assessing the Risks
  44. blankProtecting Privacy in Computerized Medical Information
  45. blankPulling Together for Productivity: A Union-Management Initiative at US West, Inc.
  46. blank Researching Health Risks
  47. blank Technologies Underlying Weapons of Mass Destruction
  48. blank U.S. Telecommunications Services in European Markets
  49. blankWater for Walker Lake
  50. blank Who Goes There: Friend or Foe?

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