It comes as no surprise, as celebrities and gangsters were being watched — so were the politicians. The following is a list of released records.
Declassified Politicians, Their Aides, and Their Appointees
|Agnew, Spiro [1,454 Pages, 65.05MB] – Spiro Theodore Agnew (1918-1996) was a Maryland politician and U.S. vice president from 1968 to 1973. He resigned as vice president and later pleaded no contest to tax evasion charges pursued by the IRS; the FBI investigated him for bribery, but he was not prosecuted on that charge. This release consists of FBI records concerning the bribery investigation as well as threats made against Agnew. It ranges between 1969 and 1986 (mostly between 1969 and 1973).|
Anderson, Wendell [13 Pages, 1.8MB] – Wendell Richard “Wendy” Anderson (February 1, 1933 – July 17, 2016) was an American politician and the 33rd governor of Minnesota, serving from January 4, 1971, to December 29, 1976. In late 1976, he resigned as governor in order to be appointed to the U.S. Senate after Senator Walter Mondale was elected Vice President of the United States. Anderson served in the Senate from December 30, 1976, to December 29, 1978 (after losing the 1978 Senate election to Rudy Boschwitz, he resigned a few days before the end of his term to give Boschwitz seniority).
Although the FBI said that files were destroyed relating to Anderson, I did dig up some that were at the National Archives.
|Bell, George Tillson [115 Pages, 56.5MB] – George T. Bell (January 21, 1913 – March 4, 1973) was a former special assistant to President Richard Nixon. He wrote the Nixon’s Enemies List compiled by Charles Colson. Before joining the President’s staff, Bell worked for General Electric and was later President of Geonautics, Inc., an engineering research company. When questioned about Nixon’s infamous “enemies list,” Colson told the House Subcommittee Investigating the Watergate scandal that the “late George Bell” was responsible for the master list of Nixon political opponents. Bell died in Washington, D.C. following a long illness.|
|Black, Hugo – [ File #1 | File #2 ] – Hugo Black was a U. S. Senator from 1927 until 1937. He was appointed an Associate Supreme Court Justice in 1937 by President Franklin D. Roosevelt. Shortly before his death in 1971, he resigned from the Supreme Court. The FBI records reflect several threats against Justice Black, as well as cordial correspondence between him and FBI Director Hoover and numerous newspaper articles.|
|Boggs, Sr., Thomas Hale [399 Pages, 23.9MB] – Thomas Hale Boggs Sr. (February 15, 1914 – presumably October 16, 1972 but not declared dead until January 3, 1973) was an American Democratic politician and a member of the U.S. House of Representatives from New Orleans, Louisiana. He was the House majority leader and a member of the Warren Commission. In 1972, while he was still majority leader, the twin engine airplane in which Boggs was traveling disappeared over a remote section of Alaska. The airplane presumably crashed and was never found. Congressman Nick Begich, of Alaska, was also presumed killed in the same accident.|
Brady, James [19 Pages, 9.5MB] – James Scott “Jim” Brady (August 29, 1940 – August 4, 2014) was an assistant to the U.S. President and White House Press Secretary under President Ronald Reagan. After nearly being killed and becoming permanently disabled as a result of the attempted assassination of Ronald Reagan in 1981, Brady became an ardent supporter of gun control. On August 8, 2014, Brady’s death was ruled a homicide, 33 years after the gunshot wound he received in 1981.
The FBI does admit Brady has a file, but it was either lost or destroyed, and they could not come up with material. The documents listed here is the entire FOIA Case File to show the behind the scenes communications at the FBI attempting to locate the records.
|Brown, Pat [495 Pages, 33.5MB] – Edmund Gerald “Pat” Brown Sr. (April 21, 1905 – February 16, 1996) was an American politician and lawyer who served as the 32nd Governor of California from 1959 to 1967. Born in San Francisco, Brown had an early interest in speaking and politics; he earned a law degree in 1927, and subsequently began legal practice. As district attorney for San Francisco, he was elected Attorney General of California in 1950 before becoming the state’s governor in 1959. As governor, Brown embarked on massive projects building important infrastructure and redefined the state’s higher education system. While running twice for President in 1960 and 1964, finishing second and first in the primaries, respectively, he was never a serious contender in the national conventions. While losing his bid for a third term in 1966 to future President Ronald Reagan, his legacy earns him regard as the builder of modern California. His son Edmund G. “Jerry” Brown Jr. was the 34th and is currently the 39th Governor of California; his daughter, Kathleen Brown, was the 29th California State Treasurer. Note: PDF File has bookmarks that differentiate the different releases by the FBI.|
|Bush, Prescott Sheldon [50 Pages, 27MB] – Prescott Sheldon Bush Sr. (May 15, 1895 – October 8, 1972) was an American banker and politician. After working as a Wall Street executive investment banker, he represented Connecticut in the United States Senate from 1952 to 1963. A member of the Bush family, he is the father of President George H. W. Bush and the grandfather of President George W. Bush and Governor Jeb Bush. Bush won election to the Senate in a 1952 special election, narrowly defeating Democratic nominee Abraham Ribicoff. In the Senate, Bush staunchly supported President Dwight D. Eisenhower and helped enact legislation to create the Interstate Highway System. Bush won re-election in 1956 but declined to seek re-election in 1962, retiring from the Senate the following year.|
Byrd, Robert [757 Pages, 16.24MB] – Robert Carlyle Byrd (born Cornelius Calvin Sale, Jr.; November 20, 1917 – June 28, 2010) was a United States Senator from West Virginia. A member of the Democratic Party, Byrd served as a U.S. Representative from 1953 until 1959 and as a U.S. Senator from 1959 to 2010. He was the longest-serving U.S. Senator and, at the time of his death, the longest-serving member in the history of the United States Congress.
This release consists of a large file of FBI correspondence with the Senator and his office over a long period of time and numerous smaller files dealing with threats and other criminal acts directed against the Senator. The material in these files ranges in date from 1955-2003.
|Cannon, Howard [103 Pages, 46.8MB] – Howard Walter Cannon (January 26, 1912 – March 5, 2002) was an American politician. He served as a United States senator from Nevada from 1959 until 1983 as a member of the Democratic Party. The FBI states there are 4,877 pages of records total, and what is available here on The Black Vault is only the first 100 pages. To receive the files in their entirety, it will take $140.|
|Cermak, Anton [306 Pages, 148.8MB] – Anton Joseph “Tony” Cermak (May 9, 1873 – March 6, 1933) was an American politician who served as the 34th mayor of Chicago, Illinois from April 7, 1931 until his death on March 6, 1933 from complications of an assassination attempt nearly a month earlier.|
|Christopher, George [290 Pages, 168.7MB] – George Christopher (December 8, 1907 – September 14, 2000) was a Greek-American politician, and the 34th Mayor of San Francisco, serving in that office from January 1956 until January 1964. He is to date the last Republican to be elected mayor of San Francisco; all San Francisco mayors since he left office have been Democrats.|
|Colson, Charles Wendell [64 Pages, 35.9MB] – Charles “Chuck” W. Colson (1931-2012) served as an official in the Nixon Administration and later was a well known Christian speaker and founder of a non-profit organization called the Prison Fellowship. He pled guilty to Watergate related charges in 1974 and served a brief federal prison sentence. This FOIA release covers the FBI’s background investigation into Colson’s appointment for a position in the White House. There is no connection in this material to Watergate or Colson’s later career.|
|Connally, John B. [928 Pages, 419.6MB] – John Bowden Connally, Jr. (February 27, 1917 – June 15, 1993), was an American politician. As a Democrat he served as Secretary of the Navy under President John F. Kennedy, as the 39th Governor of Texas, and as Secretary of the Treasury under President Richard Nixon. While Governor of Texas, he was seriously wounded when President Kennedy was assassinated. As Treasury Secretary, Connally is best remembered for removing the U.S. dollar from the gold standard in 1971, an event known as the Nixon shock. In 1973 he switched parties to become a Republican, and ran unsuccessfully for the Republican nomination for President in 1980.|
|Dickstein, Samuel [85 Pages, 24.9MB] – Samuel Dickstein (February 5, 1885 – April 22, 1954) was a Democratic Congressional Representative from New York (22-year tenure) and a New York State Supreme Court Justice. He played a key role in establishing the committee that would become the House Committee on Un-American Activities, which he used to attack fascists, including Nazi sympathizers, and suspected communists. In 1999, authors Allen Weinstein and Alexander Vassiliev learned that Soviet files indicate that Dickstein was a paid agent of the NKVD.|
|Dies, Martin – This Congressman from Texas was known as the founder of the House Un-American Activities Committee. The FBI file contains correspondence between him and J. Edgar Hoover, as well as the results of investigations regarding potential extortion violations.|
|Douglas, Helen Gahagan – [475 Pages, 24.7 MB] – Helen Gahagan Douglas (November 25, 1900 – June 28, 1980) was an American actress and politician. She was the third woman and first Democratic woman elected to Congress from California; her election made California one of the first two states (along with Illinois) to elect female members to the House from both parties. In the 1940s, Gahagan Douglas entered politics. She was elected to the United States House of Representatives from California’s 14th congressional district as a Democrat in 1944, and served three full terms. During this time she openly had a love affair with then Congressman (and afterwards U.S. President) Lyndon B. Johnson. Douglas was mentioned in the song “George Murphy” by satirist Tom Lehrer. The song begins, “Hollywood’s often tried to mix / show business with politics / from Helen Gahagan / to Ronald Reagan …” (Additional records may exist, which I have requested. I will update this page when that request is processed)|
| Douglas, William O. FBI Release #1 – [29 Pages, 17.1 MB]
Douglas, William O. FBI Release #2 – [26 Pages, 13.4 MB]William Orville Douglas (October 16, 1898 – January 19, 1980) was an American jurist and politician who served as an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States. Nominated by President Franklin D. Roosevelt, Douglas was confirmed at the age of 40, one of the youngest justices appointed to the court. His term, lasting 36 years and 211 days (1939–75), is the longest term in the history of the Supreme Court. Douglas holds a number of records as a Supreme Court Justice, including the most opinions. He was the 79th person appointed and confirmed to the bench of that court. In 1975 Time magazine called Douglas “the most doctrinaire and committed civil libertarian ever to sit on the court”.
|Dulles, Allen – [497 Pages, 295.2MB] – Allen Welsh Dulles (April 7, 1893 – January 29, 1969) was an American diplomat and lawyer who became the first civilian Director of Central Intelligence, and its longest-serving director to date. As head of the Central Intelligence Agency during the early Cold War, he oversaw the 1954 Guatemalan coup d’état, Operation Ajax (the overthrow of Iran’s elected government), the Lockheed U-2 aircraft program and the Bay of Pigs Invasion. Following the assassination of John F. Kennedy, Dulles was one of the members of the Warren Commission. Between his stints of government service, Dulles was a corporate lawyer and partner at Sullivan & Cromwell. His older brother, John Foster Dulles, was the Secretary of State during the Eisenhower Administration.|
| Dulles, John Foster – FBI Release #1 – [249 Pages, 161MB]
Dulles, John Foster – FBI Release #2 – [41 Pages, 31MB]John Foster Dulles (February 25, 1888 – May 24, 1959) was an American diplomat. A Republican, he served as United States Secretary of State under President Dwight D. Eisenhower from 1953 to 1959. He was a significant figure in the early Cold War era, advocating an aggressive stance against communism throughout the world.
|Eagleburger, Lawrence – [727 Pages, 350.5MB] – Lawrence Sidney Eagleburger (August 1, 1930 – June 4, 2011) was an American statesman and career diplomat, who served briefly as the Secretary of State under President George H. W. Bush. Previously, he had served in lesser capacities under Presidents Richard Nixon, Jimmy Carter, and Ronald Reagan, and as Deputy Secretary of State under George H. W. Bush. Eagleburger is the only career Foreign Service Officer to have served as Secretary of State. (Please note: By letter dated May 16, 2018, in FOIA Case 1388820-001, the FBI informed me additional records that may have existed, have been destroyed. What you see here, is the entire collection of releasable documents).|
|Egger, Roscoe – [94 Pages, 47.1MB] – Roscoe Lynn Egger, Jr. (September 19, 1920 – October 14, 1999) served as Commissioner of Internal Revenue from 1981 to 1986 and received the Tax Executive Institute’s Distinguished Service Award in 1986. He led the Internal Revenue Service through a tumultuous time in its history and pushed for numerous reforms in order to modernize the tax service. Roscoe L. Egger, Jr. was born in Jackson, Michigan, on September 19, 1920. He attended Indiana University for his undergraduate work before serving in the Army. His actions in Europe during World War II earned him a Bronze Star and a Purple Heart. Egger left the IRS in 1990 and returned to Price Waterhouse as a consultant. He retired to Green Valley, Arizona, and died at the age of 79 at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota, on October 14, 1999, following heart surgery.|
|Ehrlichman, John Daniel – [111 Pages, 21.2MB] – John Daniel Ehrlichman (March 20, 1925 – February 14, 1999) was counsel and Assistant to the President for Domestic Affairs under President Richard Nixon. He was a key figure in events leading to the Watergate first break-in and the ensuing Watergate scandal, for which he was convicted of conspiracy, obstruction of justice, and perjury and served a year and a half in prison.|
|Feldman, Myer – [209 Pages, 9.18MB] – Myer Feldman, known as Mike Feldman (June 22, 1914 – March 1, 2007) was an American political aide in the Kennedy and Johnson administrations. Hailing from Philadelphia, Feldman was a trained lawyer and alumnus of the University of Pennsylvania which he attended on a scholarship. He served in the Army Air Force during the Second World War prior to joining Kennedy’s campaign trail in 1957.|
|Ferraro, Geraldine [143 Pages, 5.02MB] – Geraldine Anne Ferraro (1935-2011) was an attorney, a politician, a member of the U.S. Congress, and the first female candidate for Vice President from a major American party. This release consists of material concerning threats made against Ferraro and others, as well as an FBI investigation into allegations that Ferraro had violated campaign finance laws (no charges were ever filed).|
|Foster, Vince [663 Pages, 31.6MB] – Vincent Foster Vincent Foster (1945-1993), a prominent lawyer from Arkansas, was the Deputy White House Counsel to President Clinton from 1991 to 1993. Depressed by critical media comments, Foster took his own life on July 20, 1993 at Fort Marcy Park in Virginia. U.S. Park Police led the investigation into Foster’s death. This release details FBI assistance in the investigation, including information concerning a letter written by Foster, handwritten case notes, and the medical examiner’s report that ruled his death a suicide.|
| Gilligan, John Joyce – [ 325 Pages, 181.84MB ]
Release #2 (Denial of additional page) – [ 3 Pages, 0.4MB ]
Release #3 (Page from IRS) – [ 4 Pages, 0.4MB ]
Release #4 (Pages from State Department) – [ 3 Pages, 0.5MB ] – John Joyce “Jack” Gilligan (March 22, 1921 – August 26, 2013) was an American Democratic politician from the state of Ohio who served as a U.S. Representative and the 62nd Governor of Ohio. He was the father of Kathleen Sebelius, the Secretary of Health and Human Services and former Governor of Kansas. Gilligan and Sebelius are the only father and daughter ever to have both been elected state governors.
|Goldmark, Sally – [ 782 Pages, 97.79MB] – Sally Goldmark was the wife of John E. Goldmark who was a Washington State legislator from Okanogan who served three terms in the state House of Representatives from 1957 to 1962. He rose into Democratic leadership ranks and was considered one of the most prominent members of the party’s liberal wing. However, he was trounced in the primary election in 1962 after several rightwing political opponents launched a campaign that tried to paint Goldmark and his wife, Sally Goldmark (1907-1985), as communists or sympathizers. The Goldmarks sued for libel and won a $40,000 judgment in a nationally prominent trial. The judgment was later overturned following a U.S. Supreme Court ruling in a case involving similar issues. (Source: Ernie Lazar)|
|Goldwater, Sr., Barry – [436 Pages, 79.9MB] – Barry Morris Goldwater (January 2, 1909 – May 29, 1998) was an American politician and businessman who was a five-term United States Senator from Arizona (1953–65, 1969–87) and the Republican Party’s nominee for President of the United States in the 1964 election. Despite losing the election by a landslide, Goldwater is the politician most often credited for sparking the resurgence of the American conservative political movement in the 1960s. He also had a substantial impact on the libertarian movement.|
|Gore Sr., Albert [214 Pages, 16.55MB] – Albert Arnold “Al” Gore, Sr. (December 26, 1907 – December 5, 1998) was an American politician, serving as a U.S. Representative and a U.S. Senator for the Democratic Party from Tennessee. Gore and his wife Pauline LaFon Gore had two children: daughter Nancy LaFon Gore (born in 1938 and died of lung cancer in 1984) and a son Albert Gore Jr. in 1948. Al Gore, Jr. would follow in his father’s political footsteps in the Democratic Party representing Tennessee as a U.S. Representative and Senator, and later serving as Vice President of the United States.|
|Grams, Rodney Dwight – [ 19 Pages, 0.7MB ] – Rodney Dwight “Rod” Grams (February 4, 1948 – October 8, 2013) was a politician from Minnesota. He served as a Republican in both the United States House of Representatives and the U.S. Senate.|
|Haley, Maria – [386 Pages, 182.9MB] – Maria Haley worked for Mr. Clinton when he was governor of Arkansas and when he was president — originally in the presidential personnel office and then, from 1994 to 1999, on the board of the Export-Import Bank of the United States. Since 2007, she had been director of the Arkansas Economic Development Commission under Gov. Mike Beebe.Ms. Haley came under scrutiny during her years at the Export-Import Bank because of her friendship with James T. Riady and John Huang, key figures in an investigation of foreign campaign contributions in 1996. More than $1 million in Democratic National Committee contributions raised by Mr. Huang was returned because of questions about their origin.|
|Hall, Gordon D. – [ 611 Pages, 69.31MB ] – Gordan D. Hall returned home from World War II and first encountered U.S. domestic hate groups. Appalled by their ideology and beliefs Hall came to the determination that groups at both the far left and far right of American society were a danger to democracy and good government, and he set out on a plan to combat them. Hall began to infiltrate and investigate these groups and actively collected their printed propaganda After a few years as an investigator for the Friends of Democracy, an anti-totalitarian group, he was struck out on his own as a freelance researcher. He supported this research by giving public lectures about the dangers posed by radical extremist and hate groups in which he used their propaganda as evidence of their ideology and activities. A firm believer in the Constitutional framework of American governance and the open society it created, Hall took it as his mission to educate ordinary Americans about extremist groups and their activities so they they could make informed decisions about them. Collecting and lecturing on these groups became Gordon Hall’s life work. By the late 1960’s he had recruited a circle of like-minded volunteers to help in his collection efforts.|
|Hammarskjold, Dag – [ 120 Pages, 18.66MB ] – Dag Hjalmar Agne Carl Hammarskjöld (29 July 1905 – 18 September 1961) was a Swedish diplomat, economist, and author. The second Secretary-General of the United Nations, he served from April 1953 until his death in a plane crash in September 1961. He is one of just three people to be awarded a posthumous Nobel Prize. Hammarskjöld is the only U.N. Secretary-General to die in office; his death occurred en route to cease-fire negotiations. American President John F. Kennedy called Hammarskjöld “the greatest statesman of our century”. (Source: Ernie Lazar)|
|Holbrooke, Richard C. [1,044 Pages, 20.41MB] – Richard Charles Albert Holbrooke (April 24, 1941 – December 13, 2010) was an American diplomat, magazine editor, author, professor, Peace Corps official, and investment banker. He was the only person to have held the position of Assistant Secretary of State for two different regions of the world (Asia from 1977 to 1981 and Europe from 1994 to 1996).|
|Inouye, Daniel [900 Pages, 42.65MB] – Daniel K. Inouye (1924-2012) was a long serving U.S. Senator from the state of Hawaii. This newly released material consists of FBI files ranging from 1959 to 2006. The bulk of the material concerns investigations of threats made against Senator Inouye and others, but also includes FBI correspondence/contacts with the Senator and several other investigations related to him.|
|Kefauver, Estes – [ File #1 19.63MB | File #2 6.2MB | File #3 5.80MB | File #4 31.62MB | File #5 30.02MB | File #6 29.42MB | File #7 31.99MB ] – [ 1,409 Total Pages ] – Carey Estes Kefauver (July 26, 1903 – August 10, 1963) was an American politician from Tennessee. A member of the Democratic Party, he served in the U.S. House of Representatives from 1939 to 1949 and in the Senate from 1949 to his death in 1963. After leading a much-publicized investigation into organized crime in the early 1950s, he twice sought his party’s nomination for President of the United States. In 1956, he was selected by the Democratic National Convention to be the running mate of presidential nominee Adlai Stevenson. Still holding his U.S. Senate seat after the Stevenson-Kefauver ticket lost to the Eisenhower-Nixon ticket in 1956, Kefauver was named chair of the U.S. Senate Antitrust and Monopoly Subcommittee in 1957 and served as its chairman until his death. (Source: Ernie Lazar)|
|Kennedy Jr., John F. – [ File #1 ] – Although John F. Kennedy Jr., was not the subject of an FBI case, investigations were conducted when the FBI learned of alleged plots to kidnap the former President’s son in 1985 and 1995. Files also contain a reference to laboratory examinations in 1994 to determine the true writer of a threatening letter received by a United States Senator. The letter was written by an unknown person and signed, “John F. Kennedy, Jr.”|
|Kennedy, Joseph P. – [ File #1 | File #2 | File #3 | File #4 | File #5 | File #6 | | File #7 | File #8]|
|Kennedy, Robert F. – [ File #1 | File #2 | File #3 | File #4 | File #5 | File #6 | File #7 | File #8 | File #9 | File #10 | File #11 | File #12 | File #13 | File #14 ] – Background investigation of Robert F. Kennedy conducted in 1951 in connection with his employment as an attorney with the Criminal Division of the Department of Justice. He was appointed Attorney General in 1961 and served as a United States Senator 1965-68.|
|Kennedy, Robert F. (Assassination Summary) [139 Pages, 7.9mb] – Senator Robert F. Kennedy was assassinated on June 5, 1968, in Los Angeles, California, after winning the California primary for the upcoming Presidential election. Sirhan Sirhan is serving a life sentence for the commission of the crime.|
|Kleindienst, Richard Gordon [342 Pages, 34.1MB] – Richard Gordon Kleindienst (August 5, 1923 – February 3, 2000) was an American lawyer, politician, and a U.S. Attorney General during the Watergate political scandal. He suspended his private practice in 1969 to accept the post of Deputy Attorney General of the United States. This gave him responsibilities relating to the government’s suit against ITT. Nixon and his aide John Ehrlichman told him to drop the case; this created a presumption that they were violating their obligations under legal ethics, and that, as an attorney himself, Kleindienst was obligated to report these ethical lapses to the state bars in the jurisdictions involved. In his official role he also repeatedly told Congress no one had interfered with his department’s handling of the case.|
|Koch, Edward Irving “Ed” – [ 194 Pages, 6.8MB ] – Edward Irving “Ed” Koch (1924-2013) was a former congressman and mayor of New York City. This release consists of several files related to Koch. The bulk of the release consists of a 1977 investigation into extortion threats made against Koch that included the forgery of a letter using the then congressman’s letterhead and signature. There are parts of two other files also. The first concerns a 1973 extortion matter and the second a foreign counterintelligence matter that mentions Uruguayan military officials’ “irritation” with Koch; part of this file has been referred to another agency for release as it contains that agency’s information.|
|Lance, Bert – [ 177 Pages, 79.2MB ] – Thomas Bertram “Bert” Lance (June 3, 1931 – August 15, 2013) was an American businessman who served as Director of the Office of Management and Budget under President Jimmy Carter in 1977. He is known mainly for his resignation from Carter’s administration due to a scandal during his first year in office; he was cleared of all charges.|
| LeBlanc, Dudley – FBI Release #1 – [207 Pages, 137MB]
LeBlanc, Dudley – FBI Release #2 – [18 Pages, 12.2MB]
LeBlanc, Dudley – OGA Material Release #1 – [114 Pages, 82.3B] (This was sent to me from another FOIA requester. Their response had some material originating from other government agencies that do not appear in the releases I received. I am seeking the answer on why not, but am archiving this release of records here.)Dudley Joseph LeBlanc, Sr. (August 16, 1894 – October 22, 1971), also known as Coozan Dud LeBlanc, was an American Democratic, Roman Catholic, and Cajun member of the Louisiana State Senate whose entrepreneurial talents netted him a fortune through the patent medicine he invented known as Hadacol. He is also considered the “father of the old age pension” in Louisiana. His birth home was relocated from the LeBlanc community to Lafayette, Louisiana, to become part of Acadian Village, an authentic vision of 19th-century life in southwestern Louisiana.
McLaughlin, Joseph M. – [ 474 Pages, 15MB ] – Joseph Michael McLaughlin (March 20, 1933 – August 8, 2013) was a federal appellate judge in the United States. On July 29, 1981, McLaughlin was nominated by President Ronald Reagan to a new seat on the United States District Court for the Eastern District of New York created by 92 Stat. 1629. He was confirmed by the United States Senate on September 25, 1981, and received his commission on September 28, 1981. On July 10, 1990, President George H. W. Bush nominated McLaughlin for elevation to a seat on the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit vacated by Lawrence Warren Pierce. McLaughlin’s was confirmed to the court of appeals by the United States Senate on October 12, 1990, and received commission on October 17, 1990. He assumed senior status on March 20, 1998, but continued to hear cases in that capacity.
|Meyer, Cord – [34 Pages, 18.4 MB] – Cord Meyer, Jr. (November 10, 1920 – March 13, 2001) was a US Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) official. After serving in World War II as a Marine officer in the Pacific War where he was both injured and decorated, he led the United World Federalists in the years after the war. In about 1949, he began work with the CIA where he became a high-level operative, retiring in 1977. He married Mary Pinchot in 1945; the couple divorced in 1958, and she was subsequently romantically linked to President John F. Kennedy. Her 1964 murder remains both unsolved and controversial. After his retirement from intelligence work, Meyer wrote as a columnist and book author.|
|Mitchell, John – [2,729 Pages, 157 MB] – John Newton Mitchell (September 15, 1913 – November 9, 1988) was the Attorney General of the United States from 1969 to 1972 under President Richard Nixon. Prior to that, he was a noted New York municipal bond lawyer, director of Nixon’s 1968 presidential campaign, and one of Nixon’s closest personal friends; after his tenure as Attorney General, he served as director of Nixon’s 1972 presidential campaign. Due to his involvement in the Watergate affair, he was sentenced to prison in 1977, serving 19 months. As Attorney General, Mitchell was noted for personifying the “law-and-order” positions of the Nixon administration, amid several high-profile anti-war demonstrations.|
| Muskie, Edmund – FBI Release #1 – [261 Pages, 105.2MB]
Muskie, Edmund – FBI Release #2 – [247 Pages, 168MB]Edmund Sixtus “Ed” Muskie (March 28, 1914 – March 26, 1996) was an American statesman and lawyer who served as the 58th United States Secretary of State under President Jimmy Carter. Muskie fathered the 1960s environmental movement in America and drafted the Clean Water Act of 1972–a staple in modern environmental policy and one of the only bills to be passed twice by the U.S. Congress. A champion of the Civil Rights Movement in the United States, he publicly criticized J. Edgar Hoover’s Federal Bureau of Investigation, and was instrumental in the passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the creation of Martin Luther King Jr. Day, and developed the reform of lobbying in the U.S. His personality and political accomplishments have him widely regarded the most influential politician in the history of Maine.
|Otepka, Otto – [951 Pages, 131 MB] – Otto F. Otepka (May 6, 1915 – March 20, 2010) was a Deputy Director of the United States State Department’s Office of Security in the late 1950s and early 1960s. This was at the beginning of the Eisenhower Administration and Otepka’s “Evaluations” section was faced with Senator Joseph McCarthy who was at the height of his power and making accusations that Communists and Communist sympathizers had infiltrated the U.S. Army and U.S. Department of State. Otepka was assisted by another newcomer to the State Department, William L. Uanna, who would soon head up “Physical Security” at State. Otepka, Uanna and R. W. Scott McLeod, another newcomer in Security at State, were mentioned in a 1954 article in The Reporter (magazine) entitled “Big Brother at Foggy Bottom.” The article describes how the State Department implemented Eisenhower’s answer to McCarthy – Executive Order 10450 – and the reaction to it by State’s employees. (Source: Ernie Lazar)|
|Rehnquist, William – [ File #1 10.86MB | File #2 43.24MB | File #3 15.11MB | File #4 12.63MB | File #5 31.18MB | File #6 14.82MB ] – [ 1,829 Pages Total ] – William Hubbs Rehnquist (October 1, 1924 – September 3, 2005) was an American lawyer, jurist, and political figure who served as an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States and later as the 16th Chief Justice of the United States. Considered a conservative, Rehnquist favored a conception of federalism that emphasized the Tenth Amendment’s reservation of powers to the states. Under this view of federalism, the Supreme Court of the United States, for the first time since the 1930s, struck down an Act of Congress as exceeding its power under the Commerce Clause.|
|Ribicoff, Abraham – [226 Pages, 11.3MB] – Abraham Alexander Ribicoff (April 9, 1910 – February 22, 1998) was an American Democratic Party politician. He served in the United States Congress, as the 80th Governor of Connecticut and as President John F. Kennedy’s Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare. He was Connecticut’s first and to date only Jewish governor.|
|Rostenkowski, Daniel David “Dan”– [ 3,850 Pages, 131MB ] – Daniel David “Dan” Rostenkowski (1928-2010) was a U.S. Representative from Illinois from 1959 to 1995 who served as chairman of several key committees in Congress. Following a scandal involving the House of Representatives Post Office, he pled guilty to reduced charges of mail fraud in 1996 and served 17 months in prison before receiving a presidential pardon.|
|Russell, James T. – [ 17 Pages, 11.7MB ] – James T. Russell was elected to the Florida Legislature in 1958 and served for six years. He also served as a judge for several municipalities and as Gulfport City Attorney. In 1965, Russell became an assistant state attorney. In 1969, the governor appointed him state attorney for the 6th Judicial Circuit, a position he held until January 1993. In the 1970s, Russell helped create a new prosecution clinic at the College of Law. Mr. Russell passed away on Jan. 2, 2006.|
Shelley, John Francis “Jack” – [123 Pages, 74.7MB ] – John Francis “Jack” Shelley (September 3, 1905 – September 1, 1974) was a U.S. politician. He served as the 35th mayor of San Francisco, from 1964 to 1968, the first Democrat elected to the office in 50 years, and the first in an unbroken line of Democratic mayors that lasts to the present (as of 2016). Shelley earned a law degree from the University of San Francisco in 1932. He served in the United States Coast Guard during World War II and was a member of the California State Senate from 1938 to 1946. He ran an unsuccessful race for the Lieutenant Governor’s office against Goodwin Knight in 1946. Shelley would then make his mark as a leader of the California delegation to the 1948 Democratic National Convention, when he helped marshal his state’s votes to support a strong civil rights plank. Shelley entered the United States House of Representatives in 1949 and served until 1964, when he stepped down to be inaugurated Mayor of San Francisco after winning the November, 1963 election by nearly a 12-point margin against his nearest opponent, Harold Dobbs (50-38.5%).
Additional records did exist on Shelley, but they were destroyed.
|Shriver, Robert Sargent – [ 269 Pages, 11.85MB ] – Robert Sargent Shriver, Jr. (1915-2011) was a politician and social reformer who served in the Kennedy and Johnson administrations and ran for president as a Democrat in 1976. This release consists of several FBI files concerning Shriver, including a foreign counterintelligence investigation into whether or not an acquaintance of his was a Soviet agent, background investigations conducted when he was nominated for government positions, and miscellaneous references.|
|Stevens, Ted– [1,058 Pages, 92.8MB] – Theodore Fulton “Ted” Stevens, Sr. (November 18, 1923 – August 9, 2010) was a United States Senator from Alaska, serving from December 24, 1968, until January 3, 2009, and thus the longest-serving Republican senator in history. He was President pro tempore in the 108th and 109th Congresses from January 3, 2003, to January 3, 2007, and the third senator to hold the title of President pro tempore emeritus.|
|Stokes, Carl – [ 262 Pages, 43.4MB ] – Carl Burton Stokes (June 21, 1927 – April 3, 1996) was an American politician of the Democratic party who served as the 51st mayor of Cleveland, Ohio. Elected on November 7, 1967, but taking office on January 1, 1968, he was the first black mayor of a major U.S. city. Fellow Ohioan Robert C. Henry was the first black mayor of any U.S. city (Springfield, elected 1966).|
| Strauss, Robert Schwarz – FBI Release #1 – [696 Pages, 34.2MB]
Strauss, Robert Schwarz – FBI Release #2 – [8 Pages, 1.5MB]Robert Schwarz Strauss (October 19, 1918 – March 19, 2014) was a figure in American politics and diplomacy whose service dates back to future president Lyndon Johnson’s first congressional campaign in 1937. By the 1950s, he was associated in Texas politics with the conservative faction of the Democratic Party led by Johnson and John Connally. He served as the Chairman of the Democratic National Committee between 1972 and 1977 and served under President Jimmy Carter as the U.S. Trade Representative and special envoy to the Middle East. Strauss was selected by President George H. W. Bush to be the U.S. ambassador to the Soviet Union in 1991 and after the USSR’s collapse, he served as the U.S. ambassador to Russia from 1991 until 1992. Strauss had advised and represented U.S. presidents over three administrations and for both major U.S. political parties.
|Thomas, Norman – [ File #1 | File #2 | File #3 | File #4 | File #5 ] – [ 715 Pages Total ] – Norman Mattoon Thomas (November 20, 1884 – December 19, 1968) was an American Presbyterian minister who achieved fame as a socialist, pacifist, and six-time presidential candidate for the Socialist Party of America.|
Thompson, Fred [162 Pages, 79.6MB ] – Fred Dalton Thompson (born Freddie Dalton Thompson; August 19, 1942 – November 1, 2015) was an American politician, attorney, lobbyist, columnist, film and television actor, and radio host. Thompson, a Republican, served in the United States Senate representing Tennessee from 1994 to 2003, as well as a GOP presidential candidate in 2008. Thompson served as chairman of the International Security Advisory Board at the United States Department of State, was a member of the U.S.–China Economic and Security Review Commission, a member of the Council on Foreign Relations, and was a Visiting Fellow with the American Enterprise Institute, specializing in national security and intelligence. As an actor, Thompson appeared in a number of movies and television shows as well as in commercials. He frequently portrayed governmental figures. In the final months of his U.S. Senate term in 2002, Thompson joined the cast of the long-running NBC television series Law & Order, playing Manhattan District Attorney Arthur Branch.
Per the letter from the FBI, “Records 161-WF-15433 and 161-ME-711 which may be responsive to your FOIA request, were destroyed on December 12, 2009 and November 4, 2010.” In addition, there were more files, however, they could not be located. “Additionally, for your information, a search of the indices to our Central Records System reflected there was an additional record potentially responsive to your FOIA request. We have attempted to obtain this material so it could be reviewed to determine whether it was responsive to your request. We were advised that the potentially responsive record was not in their expected location and could not be located after a reasonable search. Following a reasonable waiting period, another attempt was made to obtain this material. This search for the missing record also met with unsuccessful results.”
|Thrower, Randolph William [239 Pages, 130MB ] – Randolph William Thrower (September 5, 1913 – March 8, 2014) was a partner at Sutherland Asbill & Brennan LLP, a law firm with principal offices in Atlanta, Georgia and Washington, D.C. He was born in Tampa, Florida. Thrower, running as a Republican, unsuccessfully challenged incumbent segregationist James C. Davis for a seat in Congress in 1956. He later served as Commissioner of Internal Revenue under President Richard Nixon from 1969 to 1971, when he was fired by John D. Ehrlichman “for resisting White House efforts to punish its enemies through tax audits” and as chairman of the City of Atlanta’s Board of Ethics from 1980 to 1992. In 1993, Thrower received the American Bar Association Medal, the ABA’s highest honor, for his public, professional, and government service. He was the recipient in 1995 of the Court of Federal Claims Special Service Award and received the Tax Section’s Distinguished Service Award for 1996. In 1992 he received the Leadership Award of the Atlanta Bar Association and more recently the Segal-Tweed Founders Award of the Lawyers’ Committee for Civil Rights Under Law.|
|Tower, John Goodwin [4,217 Pages, 397MB] – John Goodwin Tower (September 29, 1925 – April 5, 1991) was the first Republican United States Senator from Texas since Reconstruction. He also led the Tower Commission, which investigated the Iran-Contra Affair. Upon joining the Senate, Tower became the only Republican Senator representing the South until Strom Thurmond switched parties in 1964. Tower staunchly opposed the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965. Starting in 1976, Tower began to alienate many conservatives. He supported Gerald Ford rather than Ronald Reagan in the 1976 Republican primaries, supported legalized abortion, and opposed President Reagan’s Strategic Defense Initiative. Tower retired from the Senate in 1985. After leaving Congress, he served as chief negotiator of the Strategic Arms Reduction Talks with the Soviet Union and led the Tower Commission. The commission’s report was highly critical of the Reagan administration’s relations with Iran and the Contras. In 1989, incoming President George H. W. Bush chose Tower as his nominee for Secretary of Defense, but his nomination was rejected by the Senate. After the defeat, Tower chaired the President’s Intelligence Advisory Board. Tower died in the 1991 Atlantic Southeast Airlines Flight 2311 crash.|
|Traficant, James – NEEDS SPONSORSHIP ($665 Quote from FBI) – [ 2 Pages, 0.4MB ] – James Anthony Traficant, Jr. (May 8, 1941 – September 27, 2014) was a Democratic, and later independent, politician and member of the United States House of Representatives from Ohio. He represented the 17th Congressional District, which centered on his hometown of Youngstown and included parts of three counties in northeast Ohio’s Mahoning Valley. He was expelled after being convicted of taking bribes, filing false tax returns, racketeering, and forcing his aides to perform chores at his farm in Ohio and houseboat in Washington, D.C. He was sentenced to prison and released on September 2, 2009, after serving a seven-year sentence.|
|Usery, William “Bill” Julian – NEEDS SPONSORSHIP ($55 Quote from FBI) [105 Pages, 53.2MB] – William Julian Usery Jr. (December 21, 1923 – December 10, 2016) was a labor union activist and U.S. government political appointee who served as United States Secretary of Labor in the Ford administration. Although Willie was his birth name, official sources often mistakenly called him “William.” For much of his life, Usery was known as “W.J.,” although most associates called him “Bill.” NOTE: This is just a sample of the files on Usery. There are more than 1,800 Pages, according to the FBI. I asked for the first 100 pages, which are here archived, but the rest require payment.|
|Weinberger, Caspar [1,167 Pages, 575MB] (Recommend to right-click and “save as” instead of loading the file in your browser — file is very large) – Caspar Willard “Cap” Weinberger (August 18, 1917 – March 28, 2006) was an American politician and businessman. As a prominent Republican, he served in a variety of state and federal positions for three decades, including Chairman of the California Republican Party, 1962–68. Most notably he was Secretary of Defense under President Ronald Reagan from 1981 to 1987.|
|Wilson, Charlie – [File #1 | File #2 | File #3] – [ 5,330 Total Pages ] – Charles “Charlie” Nesbitt Wilson (1933-2010) served 12-terms as Democratic United States Representative from Texas’s 2nd congressional district. He became widely known for his support for funding the Afghan Mujahedeen resistance to USSR occupation. This release consists of more than 3500 pages of FBI investigative records from 1972 to 1999 joint US government investigation into foreign corrupt practices. The material here relates to a side issue developed in the case concerning whether or not Wilson received a substantial kickback from a foreign government for his role in securing a sizable appropriation to arm the Afghan resistance; in 1999, the Department of Justice declined to prosecute, but Wilson did pay a sizable penalty for making loans to himself from his campaign accounts. Other material released includes investigative material related to a possible election law violation by an opponent of Wilson in 1972, the investigation of several threats made against Wilson, the Bureau’s investigation into his possible role in the late 1980s/early 1990s House banking scandal, and some other small matters.|