Here in the USA the freeman status is the status of people like the Amish..who do not have social security numbers or government numbers. Most of the so called laws..or statutes at equity do not apply to them.
There are handfuls of people in this country still..not Amish who also have this status. No Social Security Numbers. They do not get drafted..are not on the books anywhere...travel by the ordinary everyday conveyance...not licenced by the state...et al.
They do not need to have papers per se..ie drivers licenses..
Those are illegal aliens what you are discrbing, however their is no question of jurisdiction when it comes to crimes, we proscute them everyday. Our prizons are full of them. The Amish who have some kind of case I'm not following about cutting off someones hair, have not ben exempt for those laws. Likewise when the Amish were victims of a mass murder a few years ago, the government has jurisdiction in the matter. I'm not quite sure how the Native Americans on resevation land apply to this concept, but they are still subject to local and federal criminal laws on the reservation.
When I was born you didn't need SS # until you were work age, nowadays people get them when they are babies, and have to declare you with a SS# on income tax. I had friends in the 60's who never got one, and never went down to the draft board in 65 to register with the draft. They never knew he existed, except for his drivers icence. Anyway it worked, he never got drafted. Still today you have to register with the selective service board when you are 18.
I have no idea why people like the amish are privilaged to not have to abide by the same rules anyone else does. Not sure how exempt they legally are, or is it just the way they have always been, and they just leave them alone? They are not exempt for the same laws we are for crimes, however not declaring income and paying taxes is a crime. They are not exempt from local building and safety laws, permits to build, etc. etc. They are not exempt to laws of the road, even with a bycycle or horse on our highways. They are liable for accidents like anyone else if they cause it or injury. Getting blood out of turnip is another story.