Authorities secretly ordered the re-examination of all evidence following the decision by Abdelbaset Ali Mohmed al-Megrahi to drop his appeal against his conviction for mass murder.
The disclosure comes as the relatives of British victims of the terrorist attack launch a campaign today – backed by The Sunday Telegraph – for an independent public inquiry into who ordered and carried out the bombing.
The Sunday Telegraph has seen the email sent by the Crown Office, Scotland's prosecuting authority, to British relatives of victims informing them of the new investigation, which includes a review of forensic evidence.
In the email, Lindsey Miller, a senior Procurator Fiscal who was involved in preparing evidence for Megrahi's trial, wrote: "Throughout the investigation we have, at various times, taken stock of the evidence as a whole with a view to identifying further lines of inquiry that can be pursued.
"Now that the appeal proceedings are at an end a further review of the case is under way and several potential lines of inquiry, both through a 'desktop' (paper) exercise and consultation with forensic science colleagues are being considered.
"You will of course appreciate that it would not be appropriate for me to elaborate on these lines but please be assured that this is not simply paying lip service to the idea of an 'open case'."
The investigation is understood to be headed by Detective Chief Inspector Michael Dalgleish, a senior officer who was part of the original team that brought the case against Megrahi. Four detectives from Dumfries and Galloway police, which covers the Lockerbie area, are working full-time on the case.
Megrahi, 57, a former Libyan intelligence officer, was convicted of mass murder in 2001 after a specially convened trial in The Hague although he has always denied any involvement in the 1988 bombing.
But his decision to drop his appeal left British families, many of whom are sceptical about his guilt, fearing that new information that should have been made public will now remain secret.
One possible area for review is a break-in at Heathrow 17 hours before Flight 103 took off from the airport heading for New York. Evidence from a Heathrow security guard was suppressed, say families, for 12 years and did not feature at Megrahi's trial.
In 1988 the group was under the control of Ahmed Jibril, a former captain in the Syrian army, who was based in Damascus and funded by Iran. Five months before the Lockerbie bombing in July 1988, Iran Air Flight 655 was accidentally shot down by the USS Vincennes with the loss of 290 lives. The Lockerbie bombing may have been in revenge for that attack, which Iran has never accepted was a mistake.
Other possible suspects include Abu Taib, a Palestinian later arrested and jailed in Sweden for terrorist bombings, who had circled the date of the Lockerbie bombing December 21 1988 in a calendar found in his flat
Britain warns Libya against celebrating Lockerbie bomber's release as doctors say he could live until 2017
Britain has warned Libya against any 'tasteless' celebrations on the anniversary of the Lockerbie bomber's release, as doctors claim he could live for another seven years.
The Foreign Office said today that any celebration of Ali Al Megrahi's freedom would be 'tasteless, offensive and deeply insensitive'.
Megrahi, 58, was released from prison by the Scottish government on compassionate grounds after he was given just three months to live.
A Foreign Office spokeswoman said: 'The Government is clear that Megrahi's release was a mistake.
'Both the current Prime Minister and the Foreign Secretary made this clear at the time.Particularly on this anniversary we understand the continuing anguish that Megrahi's release has caused his victims, both in the UK and the US.
'Any celebration of Megrahi's release will be tasteless, offensive and deeply insensitive to the victims' families. We have made our concerns clear to the Libyan government.'
Sources in Libya say thousands are expected to flock to the streets of the capital where Megrahi, convicted of killing 270 in Britain’s worst terrorist atrocity, is a national hero.
Scottish Justice Secretary Kenny MacAskill, who granted the compassionate release application, defended his decision yesterday.
'It was a decision I didn't choose to make, it was a decision I had to make.
'It was my responsibility and accordingly I followed the rules and laws of Scotland.
'I acted appropriately and I stand by the decision.'
Appropriate decision: Kenny MacAskill defended his actions in releasing the Lockerbie bomber
Terror: 270 people were killed when Flight 103 exploded over Lockerbie in December 1988
Gaddafi threatened to cut British interests 'off at the knees' if Lockerbie bomber died in Scottish jail, WikiLeaks reveals
The Lockerbie bomber was freed following ‘thuggish threats’ from Colonel Gaddafi to take ‘harsh and immediate action’ against UK interests in Libya.
The dictator threatened to cut Britain ‘off at the knees’ unless Abdelbaset Ali Al-Megrahi was sent home and offered a ‘parade of treats’ to the Scottish government.
By releasing the bomber, Scottish leaders sparked fury among the relatives of the 270 killed in 1988 when a Pan Am plane was brought down over Lockerbie.
Gaddafi ordered the Lockerbie bombing
Gaddafi's ex-justice minister said he could prove the brutal tyrant was behind the deaths of 270 people when Pan Am Flight 103 blew up over the Scottish town on December 21 1988.
The confession came as hundreds of Britons desperately tried to escape riot-hit Libya today after a Government rescue mission turned to shambles.
Free ... al-Megrahi
Free ... al-Megrahi
Weary Brits who did getaway said the country was "descending into hell".
Prime Minister David Cameron this morning apologised for a string of problems that have thwarted efforts to get Brits out of the danger zone
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