One of the most isolated inhabited islands in the world, Easter Island is situated in the southern Pacific Ocean, 3540 km west of Chile. Easter Island, or Rapa Nui, as it is sometimes referred, was formed by a series of massive volcanic eruptions. Volcanic cones are found scattered across the island, including the large crater Rana Kao at the southwest end of the island and a line of cinder cones that stretch north from the central mountain, but none have been active since the island was colonized 1300 years ago. The Island is roughly triangular and covers an area of 166 km².
Until 1300 years ago, the island was inhabited by sea birds and was heavily forested with now extinct giant palm trees. Archaeologists believe the island was discovered and colonized by Polynesians at about 400 AD. Subsequently, a unique culture developed. The human population grew to levels that could not be sustained by the island. A civil war resulted, and the island’s deforestation and ecosystem collapse was nearly complete. Easter Island is perhaps best known for its giant statues or Moai that were carved out of volcanic rock and are scattered in various places around the island.
Today, a new forest (primarily eucalyptus) has been established in the center of the island. Its fertile volcanic soils, is covered with grasslands and is swept by strong trade winds. Farming is the principal occupation where sheep are raised, and maize, sweet potatoes, figs, bananas, pineapples, melons, and vegetables are grown (source NASA).
nightwolf wrote:Sandra, you might want to look into the Ancient Astronaut Theory about Easter Island if the subject interests you. When I have a little bit more time, I'll see if I can't find it for you.
Challenging the idea that the transporting of huge megaliths by ancient man was beyond their capabilities, archaeologists at Easter Island have attempted to demonstrate how people with stone age technology could have moved small megaliths short distances like some of the Easter Island Moai.
The poured concrete Moai used in the demonstration weighed approximately 6 tons and was lifted onto the sled by modern crane, but was able to be moved with rollers several meters and erected upright.
Actual Moai, however, weigh on average 12.5 metric tons with the largest erected being 74.4 metric tons.
What is the Ancient Astronaut Theory ?
Many people believe that gods came from outerspace in firey chariots, and taught primitive jungle people from Mexico's Yucatan Peninsula the Mayas how to build grand cities, use symbols for writing, mathematics. They also studied the movements of stars and planets. They made calendars. The Mayas worshiped a god, Kukulkan a serpent, who came from the stars. The anient Mayas were a powerful civilization from about A.D. 350 until about 1450. When Spanish explorers came to America and killed most of them off. People who believe the ancient astronauts theory say the evidence is ancient mysteries like Pyramids of Egypt, Statues of Easter Island, giant pictures on the desert of Peru, and the Pyramids of Giza. They say there is no way primitive men, with simple tools could of built these structures that modern engineers with the best machinary would have a hard time. There is a craving on a lid of a tomb built by the Mayas in 683 A.D. Of a man sitting inside a rocket. He is lying back like modern astronaunts do. He is working with controls of the ship and at the bottom are flames from the rockets exhaust. Many ancient Indian drawing look like ancient spacemen.
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