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CIA will decommission detention 'black sites'
Panetta details shifts in letter to employees
By Randall Mikkelsen, Reuters | April 10, 2009
WASHINGTON - The CIA will decommission the infamous "black sites" where terrorism suspects were interrogated with harsh techniques that included waterboarding, agency director Leon Panetta said yesterday.
Panetta said in a letter to agency employees that he had informed Congress of the CIA's detention policies following an order by President Obama in January banning harsh interrogations and ordering that the secret detention sites be closed.
He said the agency had also discontinued using contract employees to conduct interrogations, a concern of influential congressional members who called the practice an invitation to abuse.
"CIA no longer operates detention facilities or black sites and has proposed a plan to decommission the remaining sites," Panetta wrote. "I have directed our Agency personnel to take charge of the decommissioning process and have further directed that the contracts for site security be promptly terminated."
A copy of the letter was obtained by Reuters.
The now-empty "black sites" in unidentified countries were used to detain suspects who were captured in the "war on terrorism" launched by former President George W. Bush after the Sept. 11 attacks.
The three suspects that the CIA has acknowledged were subjected to waterboarding, a form of simulated drowning widely condemned as a form of torture, were subjected to the technique at such black sites.
The suspects were accused Sept. 11 plotter Khalid Sheikh Mohammed, and Al Qaeda suspects Abu Zubayhda and Abd al-Rahim al-Nishiri.
Panetta said the CIA would continue to question suspects as necessary. But he said it would use "a dialog style of questioning that is fully consistent with the interrogation approaches authorized and listed in the Army Field Manual," which bans harsh techniques.
"CIA officers do not tolerate, and will continue to promptly report, any inappropriate behavior or allegations of abuse. That holds true whether a suspect is in the custody of an American partner or a foreign liaison service," he said.
Furthermore, he said, "no CIA contractors will conduct interrogations."
Human rights advocates have said some of Obama's policies fall short of guaranteeing humane treatment for terrorism suspects seized overseas. They have also urged the administration to more aggressively investigate and publicize abuses under the Bush administration.