Photos
FOIA Archive

Operation Gladio (Italian: Operazione Gladio) is the codename for a clandestine NATO "stay-behind" operation in Europe during the Cold War. Its purpose was to continue anti-communist actions in the event of a Soviet invasion and conquest. Although Gladio specifically refers to the Italian branch of the NATO stay-behind organizations, "Operation Gladio" is used as an informal name for all stay-behind organizations. The name Gladio is the Italian form of gladius, a type of Roman shortsword.

Operating in many NATO and even some neutral countries, Gladio was part of a series of national operations first coordinated by the Clandestine Committee of the Western Union (CCWU), founded in 1948. After the creation of NATO in 1949, the CCWU was integrated into the Clandestine Planning Committee (CPC), founded in 1951 and overseen by SHAPE (Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers, Europe), transferred to Belgium after France’s official withdrawal from NATO's Military Committee in 1966 – which was not followed by the dissolution of the French stay-behind paramilitary movements.

The role of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) in sponsoring Gladio and the extent of its activities during the Cold War era, and its relationship to right-wing terrorist attacks perpetrated in Italy during the "Years of Lead" (late 1960s to early 1980s) and other similar clandestine operations, is the subject of ongoing debate and investigation but has never been proven. Switzerland and Belgium have had parliamentary inquiries into the matter. (Source: Wikipedia)

  1.  All ARMY Documents Releasable on Operation Gladio [7 Pages, 1.43MB]
  2. All CIA Documents Releasable on Operation Gladio [93 Pages, 12.41MB]
  3.  All DIA Documents Releasable on Operation Gladio [8 Pages, 1.14MB]

 

 

The Social Network Buzz - Comment using your Facebook, AOL, Hotmail or Yahoo! account
The Black Vault User Comments
Order by: 
Per page: 
 
  • There are no comments yet
Info
Administrator
The Black Vault Owner/Operator
11.16.2013 (158 days ago)
1434 Views
0 Subscribers
All Articles by Administrator
Share This Page
Rate
3 votes
Related FOIA Documents
The following are uncategorized documents from the Cold War era. They are listed on this page until they are properly categorized.
9 days ago · From
The Insectothopter was a miniature unmanned aerial vehicle developed by the United States Central Intelligence Agency's research and development office in the 1970s.
9 days ago · From Administrator
Operation 40 was a Central Intelligence Agency-sponsored undercover operation in the early 1960s
42 days ago · From Administrator
Some ethics provisions that apply to executive branch employees apply differently to an employee who qualifies as a “special Government employee” (SGE), or do not apply at all.
43 days ago · From Administrator
FBI Files on the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA)
109 days ago · From
Operation Gladio